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Food Insecurity and Behavioral Characteristics for Academic Success in Young Adults Attending an Appalachian University

Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Design, Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Human Nutrition and Foods, West Virginia University, 333 Agricultural Sciences Building, Laboratory G25, P.O. Box 6108, Morgantown, WV 26506-6108, USA
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Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 361; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030361
Received: 13 February 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 16 March 2018
In order to investigate the impact of food insecurity on college students in a highly health disparate region we (1) assessed the prevalence of food insecurity among young adults at a large, rural university in Appalachia, and (2) investigated the relationship between food insecurity and behavioral characteristics including academic performance, coping strategies, and money expenditure. A cross-sectional design was used to capture a representative sample of young adults attending a large, central Appalachian university in Fall 2016. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Adult Food Security Survey was used to measure food insecurity. Independent variables include money expenditure (MES), coping strategies (CSS), academic performance (APS), and demographic, health, economic and culinary variables. Participant responses (n = 692) showed one third (36.6%) of respondents were food-insecure. Students with higher scores for MES and CSS had significantly higher odds of being food-insecure (odds ratio (OR) = 2.07; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.81 to 2.38 and OR = 1.20; 95% CI 1.16 to 1.23, respectively). The odds of high APS scores (OR = 0.79; 95% CI 0.73 to 0.86) were inversely related to food insecurity. Results of the logistic regression showed MES, CSS, health, and school year remained a significant predictor of food insecurity in college students. These findings suggest behavioral differences in terms of coping strategies, money expenditure, and academic progress among food-insecure students and can be used to identify and target at-risk students to promote student food security and well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: food insecurity; young adult; college; student; behavior food insecurity; young adult; college; student; behavior
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Hagedorn, R.L.; Olfert, M.D. Food Insecurity and Behavioral Characteristics for Academic Success in Young Adults Attending an Appalachian University. Nutrients 2018, 10, 361.

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