Next Article in Journal
It Is Time to Make Policy for Healthier Food Environments in Australian Universities
Next Article in Special Issue
Food Trucks: Assessment of an Evaluation Instrument Designed for the Prevention of Foodborne Diseases
Previous Article in Journal
TAS1R1 and TAS1R3 Polymorphisms Relate to Energy and Protein-Rich Food Choices from a Buffet Meal Respectively
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Combined Effect of Promoting the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Activity on Metabolic Risk Factors in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials
Open AccessArticle

Changes in Dietary Intake and Adherence to the NU-AGE Diet Following a One-Year Dietary Intervention among European Older Adults—Results of the NU-AGE Randomized Trial

Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Via San Giacomo, 12, 40126 Bologna, Italy
C.I.G. Interdepartmental Center “L. Galvani”, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Via G. Petroni 26, 40126 Bologna, Italy
Department of Human Nutrition, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS-SGGW), Nowoursynowska 159 C, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Department of Nutrition & Preventive Medicine, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, UK
CHU Clermont Ferrand, CRNH Auvergne, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
Université Clermont Auvergne, INRA, UNH, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, CRNH Auvergne, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
Institute of Neurological Sciences (IRCCS), Via Altura, 3, 40139 Bologna, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1905;
Received: 15 November 2018 / Revised: 27 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
Background: The Mediterranean Diet has been proposed as an effective strategy to reduce inflammaging, a chronic low grade inflammatory status, and thus, to slow down the aging process. We evaluated whether a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern specifically targeting dietary recommendations of people aged over 65 years (NU-AGE diet) could be effective to shift dietary intake of older adults towards a healthful diet. Methods: Adults aged 65–80 years across five EU-centers were randomly assigned to a NU-AGE diet group or control group. The diet group followed one year of NU-AGE dietary intervention specifying consumption of 15 food groups plus the use of a vitamin D supplement. Participants in the diet group received counselling and individually tailored dietary advice, food products and a vitamin D supplement. Dietary intake was assessed by means of seven-day food records at baseline and one-year follow-up. A continuous NU-AGE index (0–160 points) was developed to assess NU-AGE diet adherence. Results: In total 1296 participants were randomized and 1141 participants completed the intervention (571 intervention, 570 control). After one year, the diet group improved mean intake of 13 out of 16 NU-AGE dietary components (p < 0.05), with a significant increase in total NU-AGE index (difference in mean change = 21.3 ± 15.9 points, p < 0.01). Conclusions: The NU-AGE dietary intervention, based on dietary recommendations for older adults, consisting of individual dietary counselling, free healthy foods and a vitamin D supplement, may be a feasible strategy to improve dietary intake in an aging European population. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary intervention; Mediterranean-like diet; inflammaging dietary intervention; Mediterranean-like diet; inflammaging
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Berendsen, A.A.M.; Van de Rest, O.; Feskens, E.J.M.; Santoro, A.; Ostan, R.; Pietruszka, B.; Brzozowska, A.; Stelmaszczyk-Kusz, A.; Jennings, A.; Gillings, R.; Cassidy, A.; Caille, A.; Caumon, E.; Malpuech-Brugere, C.; Franceschi, C.; De Groot, L.C.P.G.M. Changes in Dietary Intake and Adherence to the NU-AGE Diet Following a One-Year Dietary Intervention among European Older Adults—Results of the NU-AGE Randomized Trial. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1905.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop