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Impact of a Healthy Dietary Pattern on Gut Microbiota and Systemic Inflammation in Humans

Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4, St. Olavsplass, 0130 Oslo, Norway
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1046, Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
National Advisory Unit on Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Department of Endocrinology, Morbid Obesity and Preventive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, P.O. Box 4950, Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1783;
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 12 November 2018 / Accepted: 14 November 2018 / Published: 16 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet as Means for studying gut-related Inflammation)
Gut microbiota have recently been suggested to play a part in low-grade systemic inflammation, which is considered a key risk factor for cardiometabolic disorders. Diet is known to affect gut microbiota; however, the effects of diet and dietary components on gut microbiota and inflammation are not fully understood. In the present review, we summarize recent research on human dietary intervention studies, investigating the effects of healthy diets or dietary components on gut microbiota and systemic inflammation. We included 18 studies that reported how different dietary components altered gut microbiota composition, short-chain fatty acid levels, and/or inflammatory markers. However, the heterogeneity among the intervention studies makes it difficult to conclude whether diets or dietary components affect gut microbiota homeostasis and inflammation. More appropriately designed studies are needed to better understand the effects of diet on the gut microbiota, systemic inflammation, and risk of cardiometabolic disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; inflammation; diet; humans; intervention studies gut microbiota; inflammation; diet; humans; intervention studies
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Telle-Hansen, V.H.; Holven, K.B.; Ulven, S.M. Impact of a Healthy Dietary Pattern on Gut Microbiota and Systemic Inflammation in Humans. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1783.

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