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Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1729; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111729

The Relationship between Vitamin D Status and the Menstrual Cycle in Young Women: A Preliminary Study

Poznan University of Life Sciences, Institute of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietetic Division, ul. Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
Received: 16 October 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 11 November 2018
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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum vitamin D levels and to compare these with the menstrual cycle in young women with different body weights. Methods: Eighty-four students were recruited into the study of which 77 remained at the study’s completion. Women were assigned to one of two subgroups, according to their 25-hydroxy vitamin D test level [25(OH)D] in which 60 women had low 25(OH)D levels (LD < 30 ng/mL) and 17 had normal levels (ND > 30 ng/mL ≤ 80 ng/mL). Results: In the LD group, 40% of participants reported having long cycles, 27% were classified as having oligomenorrhoea, and 13% as having amenorrhoea. In the ND group, only 12% reported menstrual cycle disorders, 6% had oligomenorrhoea, and 6% had amenorrhoea. Women who did not meet the recommended level of 30 ng/mL of 25(OH)D had almost five times the odds of having menstrual cycle disorders as women who were above the recommended vitamin D level. Conclusion: A relationship was demonstrated between the frequency of menstrual disorders and low levels of vitamin D. Supplementation is necessary in women with low levels of vitamin D in order to compensate for this deficiency and to assess its effect in regulating menstrual disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: menstrual cycle; vitamin D; 25(OH)D; nutritional status menstrual cycle; vitamin D; 25(OH)D; nutritional status
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Łagowska, K. The Relationship between Vitamin D Status and the Menstrual Cycle in Young Women: A Preliminary Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1729.

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