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Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1730; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111730

Nutrient Intakes and Food Sources of Filipino Infants, Toddlers and Young Children are Inadequate: Findings from the National Nutrition Survey 2013

1
Nestlé Research, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Lausanne 1000, Switzerland
2
Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Taguig City 1631, Philippines
3
Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 October 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 11 November 2018
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Abstract

Comprehensive assessment of nutrient intakes and food sources of nutrients in Filipino children under 5 years old are lacking. We studied energy and nutrient intakes and food sources in 4218 children aged 6–59.9 months using two 24-h dietary recalls. Usual energy and nutrient intakes were estimated using the PC-SIDE program. Reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 85 food groups. Percentage contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was calculated. The results showed that the intake of total fat as a percentage of energy and of most micronutrients were highly inadequate. The prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes, defined as the percent of children with intakes less than the estimated average requirements (EAR) ranged from 60–90% for iron, calcium, vitamin C, and zinc and ranged from 30–50% for others such as vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, and phosphorus. The diets of these children were composed of limited foods, namely a large amount of refined rice and other low-nutrient-dense foods (cookies and sugar), while vegetables, fruits, meats, and eggs made little contribution to daily energy or nutrients. These findings provide direction to health professionals developing food-based recommendations and strategies to tackle the shortfalls in the diet of this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: usual nutrient intakes; food sources; infants; young children; The Philippines usual nutrient intakes; food sources; infants; young children; The Philippines
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Denney, L.; Angeles-Agdeppa, I.; Capanzana, M.V.; Toledo, M.B.; Donohue, J.; Carriquiry, A. Nutrient Intakes and Food Sources of Filipino Infants, Toddlers and Young Children are Inadequate: Findings from the National Nutrition Survey 2013. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1730.

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