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Open AccessArticle

Differences in Tissue Distribution of Cyano–B12 and Hydroxo–B12 One Week after Oral Intake: An Experimental Study in Male Wistar Rats

1
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
2
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 10, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1487; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101487
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 4 October 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
Foods contain natural vitamin B12 forms, such as hydroxo–B12 (HO–B12), whereas vitamin pills contain the synthetic cyano–B12 (CN–B12). Recent studies in rats showed different tissue distributions of CN–B12 and HO–B12 24 h after oral administration. Here, we investigate whether these differences are sustained or leveled out with time in both B12-deplete and -replete rats, thereby assessing if the two forms are equally good at maintaining a normal B12 status. Male Wistar rats were fed diets with low (n = 16) or high (n = 12) B12 content for 17 days. At day 10, the rats received a single oral dose of [57Co]-labeled CN–B12 or HO–B12 (n = 6 and n = 8, respectively, in each diet group). The rats were sacrificed on day 17 and endogenous B12 and [57Co]–B12 were measured in liver, kidney, and plasma. We found that the low-B12 diet introduced a B12-deplete state as judged from medians of endogenous B12 compared to rats on a (high-B12 diet): Plasma (565 (1410) pmol/L), liver (28.2 (33.2) pmol/g), and kidneys (123 (1300) pmol/g). One week after oral administration, the labeled B12 was distributed as follows: HO–B12 > CN–B12 (liver) and CN–B12 > HO–B12 (kidneys, plasma). The tissue/plasma ratios showed different equilibriums for labeled CN–B12 and HO–B12 in the B12-deplete and -replete groups. The equilibrium of endogenous B12 resembled [57Co]CN–B12 in replete rats but differed from both [57Co]CN–B12 and [57Co]HO–B12 in deplete rats. The data suggest long-term differences in tissue utilization of the two B12 forms and warrant further studies concerning the possible benefits of consuming HO–B12 instead of CN–B12 in oral B12 replacement. View Full-Text
Keywords: cobalamin; vitamin B12; hydroxo–B12; cyano–B12; tissue distribution; rats cobalamin; vitamin B12; hydroxo–B12; cyano–B12; tissue distribution; rats
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Greibe, E.; Nymark, O.; Fedosov, S.N.; Heegaard, C.W.; Nexo, E. Differences in Tissue Distribution of Cyano–B12 and Hydroxo–B12 One Week after Oral Intake: An Experimental Study in Male Wistar Rats. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1487.

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