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Article

Family History of Premature Coronary Artery Disease (P-CAD)—A Non-Modifiable Risk Factor? Dietary Patterns of Young Healthy Offspring of P-CAD Patients: A Case-Control Study (MAGNETIC Project)

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2nd Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 9, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
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Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Jordana 38, 41-808 Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
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Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Kościelna 13, 40-001 Sosnowiec, Poland
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Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Science, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Sloneczna 45f, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
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Genomics Laboratory, Kardio-Med Silesia Science and Technology Park, Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 10C, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
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3rd Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 9, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
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Department of Medical and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
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Department of Environmental Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
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Students’ Scientific Society, 3rd Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 9, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
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Department of Cardiology, University Hospital in Opole, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, Institute of Medicine, University of Opole, W. Witosa 26, 45-401 Opole, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1488; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101488
Received: 22 August 2018 / Revised: 20 September 2018 / Accepted: 30 September 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
Dietary habits of healthy offspring with a positive family history of premature coronary artery disease (P-CAD) have not been studied so far. The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to identify dietary patterns in a sample of young healthy adults with (cases) and without (controls) family history of P-CAD, and (2) to study the association between dietary patterns and family history of P-CAD. The data came from the MAGNETIC case-control study. The participants were healthy adults aged 18–35 years old, with (n = 351) and without a family history of P-CAD (n = 338). Dietary data were collected with food frequency questionnaire FFQ-6. Dietary patterns (DP) were derived using principal component analysis (PCA). The associations between the adherence to DPs and family history of P-CAD were investigated using logistic regression. Two models were created: crude and adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, place of residence, financial situation, education, and physical activity at leisure time. Three DPs were identified: ‘prudent’, ‘westernized traditional’ and ‘dairy, breakfast cereals, and treats’. In both crude and adjusted models, subjects with family history of P-CAD showed higher adherence by 31% and 25% to ‘westernized traditional’ DP (odds ratio (OR) 1.31, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.12–1.53; p < 0.005; per 1 unit of standard deviation (SD) of DP score and adjOR 1.25, 95% CI: 1.06–1.48; p = 0.007; per 1 unit of SD of DP score, respectively). Young healthy adults with family history of P-CAD present unfavorable dietary patterns and are potentially a target group for CAD primary prevention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; family history; FFQ-6; PCA; premature coronary artery disease; P-CAD dietary patterns; family history; FFQ-6; PCA; premature coronary artery disease; P-CAD
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MDPI and ACS Style

Osadnik, T.; Pawlas, N.; Lonnie, M.; Osadnik, K.; Lejawa, M.; Wądołowska, L.; Bujak, K.; Fronczek, M.; Reguła, R.; Gawlita, M.; Strzelczyk, J.K.; Góral, M.; Gierlotka, M.; Poloński, L.; Gąsior, M. Family History of Premature Coronary Artery Disease (P-CAD)—A Non-Modifiable Risk Factor? Dietary Patterns of Young Healthy Offspring of P-CAD Patients: A Case-Control Study (MAGNETIC Project). Nutrients 2018, 10, 1488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101488

AMA Style

Osadnik T, Pawlas N, Lonnie M, Osadnik K, Lejawa M, Wądołowska L, Bujak K, Fronczek M, Reguła R, Gawlita M, Strzelczyk JK, Góral M, Gierlotka M, Poloński L, Gąsior M. Family History of Premature Coronary Artery Disease (P-CAD)—A Non-Modifiable Risk Factor? Dietary Patterns of Young Healthy Offspring of P-CAD Patients: A Case-Control Study (MAGNETIC Project). Nutrients. 2018; 10(10):1488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101488

Chicago/Turabian Style

Osadnik, Tadeusz, Natalia Pawlas, Marta Lonnie, Kamila Osadnik, Mateusz Lejawa, Lidia Wądołowska, Kamil Bujak, Martyna Fronczek, Rafał Reguła, Marcin Gawlita, Joanna K. Strzelczyk, Marta Góral, Marek Gierlotka, Lech Poloński, and Mariusz Gąsior. 2018. "Family History of Premature Coronary Artery Disease (P-CAD)—A Non-Modifiable Risk Factor? Dietary Patterns of Young Healthy Offspring of P-CAD Patients: A Case-Control Study (MAGNETIC Project)" Nutrients 10, no. 10: 1488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101488

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