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Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010084

Association between the Frequency of Protein-Rich Food Intakes and Kihon-Checklist Frailty Indices in Older Japanese Adults: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study

1
Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Tokyo 162-8636, Japan
2
Laboratory of Applied Health Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan
3
Department of Health and Sports Sciences, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kyoto 621-8555, Japan
4
Ajinomoto Co., Inc., Tokyo 210-8681, Japan
5
Department of Health, Sports and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Kobe Women’s University, Hyogo 650-0046, Japan
6
Department of Food and Health Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Kumamoto 862-8502, Japan
7
Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Doshisha Unviersity, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan
8
Senior Citizen’s Welfare Section, Kameoka City Government, Kyoto 621-8501, Japan
9
Department of Business Administration, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kyoto 621-8555, Japan
10
Department of Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Human Life, Nagoya Bunri University, Aichi 492-8520, Japan
11
Department of Nutritional Epidemiology and Shokuiku, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Tokyo 162-8636, Japan
Current address: Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 November 2017 / Revised: 30 December 2017 / Accepted: 8 January 2018 / Published: 13 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Ageing)
Full-Text   |   PDF [296 KB, uploaded 13 January 2018]

Abstract

We aimed to investigate whether frequencies of protein-rich food intake were associated with frailty among older Japanese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 among 3843 men and 4331 women in a population-based cohort of Kameoka city, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Frailty was assessed by the weighted score based on the 25-item Kihon-Checklist. The frequency of protein-rich food intake was examined as “seafood”, “meat”, “dairy products”, “eggs”, and “soy products”. The outcome of frailty was analyzed with a multiple logistic regression model using the frequency of protein-rich food intake. When compared to the first quartile, it was observed that there was a significant association between the lower adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) for frailty and the frequency of seafood intake in the fourth quartile among men (PR 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.42, 0.99) and from the second quartile to the third quartile among women (PR 0.61, 95% CI, 0.43, 0.85; PR 0.64, 95% CI, 0.46, 0.91). The frequency of dairy products intake in the third quartile among women was significantly associated with a lower PR for frailty (p-value = 0.013). Our findings suggest that the consumption of seafood and dairy products may help older adults in maintaining their independence. View Full-Text
Keywords: frailty; Kihon-Checklist; frequency of protein-rich food; seafood; dairy products frailty; Kihon-Checklist; frequency of protein-rich food; seafood; dairy products
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yamaguchi, M.; Yamada, Y.; Nanri, H.; Nozawa, Y.; Itoi, A.; Yoshimura, E.; Watanabe, Y.; Yoshida, T.; Yokoyama, K.; Goto, C.; Ishikawa-Takata, K.; Kobayashi, H.; Kimura, M.; Kyoto-Kameoka Study Group. Association between the Frequency of Protein-Rich Food Intakes and Kihon-Checklist Frailty Indices in Older Japanese Adults: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 84.

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