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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(7), 659; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs9070659

Comparing Sentinel-2A and Landsat 7 and 8 Using Surface Reflectance over Australia

Joint Remote Sensing Research Program, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Academic Editors: Clement Atzberger and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 5 May 2017 / Revised: 22 June 2017 / Accepted: 25 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
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Abstract

The new Sentinel-2 Multi Spectral Imager instrument has a set of bands with very similar spectral windows to the main bands of the Landsat Thematic Mapper family of instruments. While these should, in principle, give broadly comparable measurements, any differences are a function not only of the differences in the sensor responses, but also of the spectral characteristics of the target pixels. In order to test for and quantify differences between these sensors, a large set of coincident imagery was assembled for the Australian landscape. Comparisons were carried out in terms of surface reflectance, and also in terms of biophysical quantities estimated from the reflectances. Small but consistent differences were found, and suitable adjustment equations fitted to enable transformation of Sentinel-2A reflectance values to more closely match Landsat-7 or Landsat-8 values. This is useful if trying to take models and thresholds fitted from Landsat and use them with Sentinel-2. The fitted adjustment equations were also compared against those fitted globally for NASA’s Harmonized Landsat-8 Sentinel-2 product, and found to be substantially different, raising the possibility that such adjustments need to be fitted on a regional basis. View Full-Text
Keywords: landsat; Sentinel-2; surface reflectance; comparison landsat; Sentinel-2; surface reflectance; comparison
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Flood, N. Comparing Sentinel-2A and Landsat 7 and 8 Using Surface Reflectance over Australia. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 659.

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