According to Monteith’s theory, crop biomass is linearly correlated with the amount of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (APAR) and a constant radiation use efficiency (RUE) down-regulated by stress factors such as CO2
fertilisation, temperature and water stress. The objective was to investigate the relative importance of these stress factors in relation to regional biomass production and yield. The production efficiency model Copernicus Global Land Service-Dry Matter Productivity (CGLS-DMP), which follows Monteith’s theory, was modified and evaluated for common wheat and silage maize in France, Belgium and Morocco using SPOT VEGETATION for the period 1999–2012. For each study site the stress factor that has the highest correlation with crop yield was retained. The correlation between crop yield data and cumulative modified DMP, CGLS-DMP, fAPAR, and NDVI values were analysed for different crop growth stages. A leave-one-year-out cross validation was used to test the robustness of the model. On average, R2
values increased from 0.49 for CGLS-DMP to 0.68 for modified DMP, RMSE (t/ha) decreased from 0.84–0.61, RRMSE (%) reduced from 13.1–8.9, MBE (t/ha) decreased from 0.05–0.03 and the index of model performance (E1
) increased from 0.08–0.28 for the selected sites and crops. The best results were obtained by including combinations of the most appropriate stress factors for each selected region and cumulating the modified DMP during part of the growing season that includes the reproductive stage. Though no single solution to the improvement of a global product could be demonstrated, our findings encourage an extension of the methodology to other regions of the world.
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