Next Article in Journal
Validation of MODIS Aerosol Optical Depth Retrieval over Mountains in Central China Based on a Sun-Sky Radiometer Site of SONET
Next Article in Special Issue
Extracting Soil Water Holding Capacity Parameters of a Distributed Agro-Hydrological Model from High Resolution Optical Satellite Observations Series
Previous Article in Journal
Rank-Based Methods for Selection of Landscape Metrics for Land Cover Pattern Change Detection
Previous Article in Special Issue
Airborne Thermal Imagery to Detect the Seasonal Evolution of Crop Water Status in Peach, Nectarine and Saturn Peach Orchards
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessTechnical Note

A Combination of Plant NDVI and LiDAR Measurements Improve the Estimation of Pasture Biomass in Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea var. Fletcher)

Precision Agriculture Research Group, School of Science and Technology, The University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
CSIRO Land and Water, GPO Box 1666, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mutlu Ozdogan, Nicolas Baghdadi and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2016, 8(2), 109;
Received: 7 October 2015 / Revised: 19 January 2016 / Accepted: 25 January 2016 / Published: 1 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing in Precision Agriculture)
PDF [2477 KB, uploaded 1 February 2016]


The total biomass of a tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea var. Fletcher) pasture was assessed by using a vehicle mounted light detection and ranging (LiDAR) unit to derive canopy height and an active optical reflectance sensor to determine the spectro-optical reflectance index, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). In a random plot design, measurements of NDVI and pasture height were combined to estimate biomass with a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) equal to ±455.28 kg green dry matter (GDM)/ha, over a range of 286 kg to 3933 kg GDM/ha. The combination of NDVI and height measurements were observed to be more accurate in assessing total biomass than just the NDVI (RMSEP ± 846.51 kg/ha) and height (RMSEP ± 708.13 kg/ha). Based on the results of the study it was concluded the use of combined LiDAR and active optical reflectance sensors can help unlock the complex interrelationship between green fraction and biomass in swards containing both green and senescent material. View Full-Text
Keywords: active optical sensor (AOS); LiDAR; pasture biomass; tall fescue active optical sensor (AOS); LiDAR; pasture biomass; tall fescue

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Schaefer, M.T.; Lamb, D.W. A Combination of Plant NDVI and LiDAR Measurements Improve the Estimation of Pasture Biomass in Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea var. Fletcher). Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 109.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top