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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(7), 8906-8924;

A Temporal-Spatial Iteration Method to Reconstruct NDVI Time Series Datasets

State Key Lab of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100049, China
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Raul Zurita-Milla and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 29 April 2015 / Revised: 29 June 2015 / Accepted: 7 July 2015 / Published: 15 July 2015
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Reconstructing normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) time series datasets is essential for monitoring long-term changes in terrestrial vegetation. Here, a temporal–spatial iteration (TSI) method was developed to estimate the NDVIs of contaminated pixels, based on reliable data. The NDVIs of contaminated pixels were first computed through linear interpolation of adjacent high-quality pixels in the time series. Then, the NDVIs of remaining contaminated pixels were determined based on the NDVI of a high-quality pixel located in the same ecological zone, showing the most similar NDVI change trajectories. These two steps were repeated iteratively, using the estimated NDVIs as high-quality pixels to predict undetermined NDVIs of contaminated pixels until the NDVIs of all contaminated pixels were estimated. A case study was conducted in Inner Mongolia, China. The accuracies of estimated NDVIs using TSI were higher than the asymmetric Gaussian, Savitzky–Golay, and window-regression methods. Root mean square error (RMSE) and mean absolute percent error (MAPE) decreased by 16.7%–86.6% and 18.3%–33.0%, respectively. The TSI method performed better over a range of environmental conditions, the variation of performance by the compared methods was 1.4–5 times that of the TSI method. The TSI method will be most applicable when large numbers of contaminated pixels exist. View Full-Text
Keywords: reconstruction; time series; NDVI; trajectory distance; temporal-spatial correlation reconstruction; time series; NDVI; trajectory distance; temporal-spatial correlation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Xu, L.; Li, B.; Yuan, Y.; Gao, X.; Zhang, T. A Temporal-Spatial Iteration Method to Reconstruct NDVI Time Series Datasets. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 8906-8924.

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