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Article

Retrieving Pigment Concentrations Based on Hyperspectral Measurements of the Phytoplankton Absorption Coefficient in Global Oceans

1
Department of Marine Technology, College of Information Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
2
Laboratory for Regional Oceanography and Numerical Modeling, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Bradley Penta and Victor S. Kuwahara
Remote Sens. 2022, 14(15), 3516; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14153516
Received: 17 June 2022 / Revised: 16 July 2022 / Accepted: 18 July 2022 / Published: 22 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio-Optical Oceanic Remote Sensing)
Phytoplankton communities, which can be easily observed by optical sensors deployed on various types of platforms over diverse temporal and spatial scales, are crucial to marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, and accurate pigment concentrations make it possible to effectively derive information from them. To date, there is no practical approach, however, to retrieving concentrations of detailed pigments from phytoplankton absorption coefficients (aph) with acceptable accuracy and robustness in global oceans. In this study, a novel method, which is a stepwise regression method improved by early stopping (the ES-SR method) based on the derivative of hyperspectral aph, was proposed to retrieve pigment concentrations. This method was developed from an extensive global dataset collected from layers at different depths and contains phytoplankton pigment concentrations and aph. In the case of the logarithm, strong correlations were found between phytoplankton pigment concentrations and the absolute values of the second derivative (aph)/the fourth derivative (aph4) of aph. According to these correlations, the ES-SR method is effective in obtaining the characteristic wavelengths of phytoplankton pigments for pigment concentration inversion. Compared with the Gaussian decomposition method and principal component regression method, which are based on the derivatives, the ES-SR method implemented on aph is the optimum approach with the greatest accuracy for each phytoplankton pigment. More than half of the determination coefficient values (R2log) for all pigments, which were retrieved by performing the ES-SR method on aph, exceeded 0.7. The values retrieved for all pigments fit well to the one-to-one line with acceptable root mean square error (RMSElog: 0.146–0.508) and median absolute percentage error (MPElog: 8.2–28.5%) values. Furthermore, the poor correlations between the deviations from the values retrieved by the ES-SR method and impact factors related to pigment composition and cell size class show that this method has advantageous robustness. Therefore, the ES-SR method has the potential to effectively monitor phytoplankton community information from hyperspectral optical data in global oceans. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoplankton pigments; hyperspectral phytoplankton absorption; stepwise regression method; early stopping; characteristic wavelengths; global ocean phytoplankton pigments; hyperspectral phytoplankton absorption; stepwise regression method; early stopping; characteristic wavelengths; global ocean
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MDPI and ACS Style

Teng, J.; Zhang, T.; Sun, K.; Gao, H. Retrieving Pigment Concentrations Based on Hyperspectral Measurements of the Phytoplankton Absorption Coefficient in Global Oceans. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14153516

AMA Style

Teng J, Zhang T, Sun K, Gao H. Retrieving Pigment Concentrations Based on Hyperspectral Measurements of the Phytoplankton Absorption Coefficient in Global Oceans. Remote Sensing. 2022; 14(15):3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14153516

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teng, Jing, Tinglu Zhang, Kunpeng Sun, and Hong Gao. 2022. "Retrieving Pigment Concentrations Based on Hyperspectral Measurements of the Phytoplankton Absorption Coefficient in Global Oceans" Remote Sensing 14, no. 15: 3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14153516

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