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Improved Streamflow Forecast in a Small-Medium Sized River Basin with Coupled WRF and WRF-Hydro: Effects of Radar Data Assimilation

Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education (KLME), Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC), Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, School of Applied Meteorology, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
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Academic Editor: Ali Behrangi
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(16), 3251; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163251
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 12 August 2021 / Published: 17 August 2021
Accurate and long leading time flood forecasting is very important for flood disaster mitigation. It is an effective method to couple the Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) products provided by Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models to a distributed hydrological model with the goal of extending the leading time for flood forecasting. However, the QPF products contain a certain degree of uncertainty and would affect the accuracy of flood forecasting, especially in the mountainous regions. Radar data assimilation plays an important role in improving the quality of QPF and further improves flood forecasting. In this paper, radar data assimilation was applied in order to construct a high-resolution atmospheric-hydrological coupling model based on the WRF and WRF-Hydro models. Four experiments with conventional observational and radar data assimilation were conducted to evaluate the flood forecasting capability of this coupled model in a small-medium sized basin based on eight typical flood events. The results show that the flood forecast skills are highly QPF-dependent. The QPF from the WRF model is improved by assimilating radar data and further increasing the accuracy of flood forecasting, although both precipitation and flood are slightly over-forecasted. However, the improvements by assimilating conventional observational data are not obvious. In general, radar data assimilation can improve flood forecasting effectively in a small-medium sized basin based on the atmospheric-hydrological coupling model. View Full-Text
Keywords: radar data assimilation; flood forecasting; atmospheric-hydrological coupling; WRF-Hydro model; Qingjiang River Basin radar data assimilation; flood forecasting; atmospheric-hydrological coupling; WRF-Hydro model; Qingjiang River Basin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, T.; Chen, Y.; Gao, Y.; Qin, L.; Wu, Y.; Wu, Y. Improved Streamflow Forecast in a Small-Medium Sized River Basin with Coupled WRF and WRF-Hydro: Effects of Radar Data Assimilation. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 3251. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163251

AMA Style

Gu T, Chen Y, Gao Y, Qin L, Wu Y, Wu Y. Improved Streamflow Forecast in a Small-Medium Sized River Basin with Coupled WRF and WRF-Hydro: Effects of Radar Data Assimilation. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(16):3251. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163251

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gu, Tianwei, Yaodeng Chen, Yufang Gao, Luyao Qin, Yuqing Wu, and Yazhen Wu. 2021. "Improved Streamflow Forecast in a Small-Medium Sized River Basin with Coupled WRF and WRF-Hydro: Effects of Radar Data Assimilation" Remote Sensing 13, no. 16: 3251. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163251

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