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Article

Impact of Aerosol and Cloud on the Solar Energy Potential over the Central Gangetic Himalayan Region

1
Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational SciencES (ARIES), Nainital 263001, India
2
Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens (IERSD/NOA), 15236 Athens, Greece
3
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560034, India
4
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuel Antón
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(16), 3248; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163248
Received: 24 June 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 August 2021 / Published: 17 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing for Smart Renewable Cities)
We examine the impact of atmospheric aerosols and clouds on the surface solar radiation and solar energy at Nainital, a high-altitude remote location in the central Gangetic Himalayan region (CGHR). For this purpose, we exploited the synergy of remote-sensed data in terms of ground-based AERONET Sun Photometer and satellite observations from the MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG), with radiative transfer model (RTM) simulations and 1 day forecasts from the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS). Clouds and aerosols are one of the most common sources of solar irradiance attenuation and hence causing performance issues in the photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP) plant installations. The outputs of RTM results presented with high accuracy under clear, cloudy sky and dust conditions for global horizontal (GHI) and beam horizontal irradiance (BHI). On an annual basis the total aerosol attenuation was found to be up to 105 kWh m−2 for the GHI and 266 kWh m−2 for BHI, respectively, while the cloud effect is much stronger with an attenuation of 245 and 271 kWh m−2 on GHI and BHI. The results of this study will support the Indian solar energy producers and electricity handling entities in order to quantify the energy and financial losses due to cloud and aerosol presence. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosols; clouds; solar energy production; financial losses; central Gangetic Himalayan region; high altitude; aerosol optical depth; global horizontal irradiance; beam horizontal irradiance aerosols; clouds; solar energy production; financial losses; central Gangetic Himalayan region; high altitude; aerosol optical depth; global horizontal irradiance; beam horizontal irradiance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dumka, U.C.; Kosmopoulos, P.G.; Ningombam, S.S.; Masoom, A. Impact of Aerosol and Cloud on the Solar Energy Potential over the Central Gangetic Himalayan Region. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 3248. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163248

AMA Style

Dumka UC, Kosmopoulos PG, Ningombam SS, Masoom A. Impact of Aerosol and Cloud on the Solar Energy Potential over the Central Gangetic Himalayan Region. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(16):3248. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163248

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dumka, Umesh C., Panagiotis G. Kosmopoulos, Shantikumar S. Ningombam, and Akriti Masoom. 2021. "Impact of Aerosol and Cloud on the Solar Energy Potential over the Central Gangetic Himalayan Region" Remote Sensing 13, no. 16: 3248. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163248

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