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A Survey of Rain Fade Models for Earth–Space Telecommunication Links—Taxonomy, Methods, and Comparative Study

1
Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea
2
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong 4318, Bangladesh
3
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama 1888, Ethiopia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sooyoung Kim and Giovanni Giambene
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(10), 1965; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101965
Received: 2 April 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Satellite-Terrestrial Networks)
Satellite communication is a promising transmission technique to implement 5G and beyond networks. Attenuation due to rain begins at a frequency of 10 GHz in temperate regions. However, some research indicates that such attenuation effects start from 5–7 GHz, especially in tropical regions. Therefore, modeling rain attenuation is significant for propagating electromagnetic waves to achieve the required quality of service. In this survey, different slant link rain attenuation prediction models have been examined, classified, and analyzed, and various features like improvements, drawbacks, and particular aspects of these models have been tabulated. This survey provides various techniques for obtaining input data sets, including rain height, efficient trajectory length measurement techniques, and rainfall rate conversion procedures. No survey of the Earth–space link models for rain attenuation is available to the best of our knowledge. In this study, 23 rain attenuation models have been investigated. For easy readability and conciseness, the details of each model have not been included. The comparative analysis will assist in propagation modeling and planning the link budget of slant links. View Full-Text
Keywords: Earth–space link; attenuation measurement; microwave propagation; rain fading; rain attenuation Earth–space link; attenuation measurement; microwave propagation; rain fading; rain attenuation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Samad, M.A.; Diba, F.D.; Choi, D.-Y. A Survey of Rain Fade Models for Earth–Space Telecommunication Links—Taxonomy, Methods, and Comparative Study. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 1965. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101965

AMA Style

Samad MA, Diba FD, Choi D-Y. A Survey of Rain Fade Models for Earth–Space Telecommunication Links—Taxonomy, Methods, and Comparative Study. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(10):1965. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101965

Chicago/Turabian Style

Samad, Md A., Feyisa D. Diba, and Dong-You Choi. 2021. "A Survey of Rain Fade Models for Earth–Space Telecommunication Links—Taxonomy, Methods, and Comparative Study" Remote Sensing 13, no. 10: 1965. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101965

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