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Correction published on 22 April 2022, see Remote Sens. 2022, 14(9), 2008.

New Heights of the Highest Peaks of Polish Mountain Ranges

Faculty of Mining Surveying and Environmental Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(9), 1446;
Received: 8 April 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020 / Corrected: 22 April 2022
The idea to verify the height of the highest peaks (summits) in the Crown of Polish Mountains arose after analyzing sources regarding the date and method of measuring the height of these mountain peaks. Our investigations revealed that this type of material is not usually available, and the first mention of height values is most often noted in the inter-war period, and occasionally before WWI (when Poland did not exist as an independent state); most of these values are still in use to this day. The problem of accurate measurement of the height of mountain peaks concerns not only the peaks analyzed by the authors, but also almost all mountain peaks worldwide. Therefore, as part of this work, several trips were organized to the highest peaks of several dozen mountain ranges in the territory of Poland. Measurement was made using a precise geodetic GNSS receiver an accuracy of within 10 cm and a DTM model based on ALS (airborne laser scanning). The results showed that commonly published heights can differ by up to several meters from the actual ones. The most important element of this work consists of the establishment of new measurements of the heights of the highest peaks of all mountain ranges in Poland, which may result in an alteration of the officially recorded heights based on this article. Apart from verification of these heights, this work also aimed to address the issue of the heights of all characteristic objects whose heights must be verified by using modern satellite techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; height verification; mountain; peak; RTK; summit GNSS; height verification; mountain; peak; RTK; summit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kozioł, K.; Maciuk, K. New Heights of the Highest Peaks of Polish Mountain Ranges. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1446.

AMA Style

Kozioł K, Maciuk K. New Heights of the Highest Peaks of Polish Mountain Ranges. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(9):1446.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kozioł, Krystian, and Kamil Maciuk. 2020. "New Heights of the Highest Peaks of Polish Mountain Ranges" Remote Sensing 12, no. 9: 1446.

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