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Current Practices in UAS-based Environmental Monitoring

Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli, Italy
Group of Crop Science, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Universitätstrasse 2, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
Lancaster Intelligent Robotic & Autonomous Systems Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4WA, UK
Department of Mathematics & INESC-Coimbra, University of Coimbra, 3001-501 Coimbra, Portugal
Department of Geography, Porter School of Environment and Earth Science, Faculty of Exact Science, Tel Aviv University, Israel, P.O. Box 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, 39105 Haifa, Israel
ETSI Topografía, Geodesia y Cartografía, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28031 Madrid, Spain
Department of Soil Mapping and Environmental Informatics, Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Research, Herman Ottó str. 15, 1022 Budapest, Hungary
Dipartimento delle Culture Europee e del Mediterraneo, Architettura, Ambiente, Patrimoni Culturali (DiCEM), Università degli Studi della Basilicata, 75100 Matera, Italy
Water Desalination and Reuse Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, 23955 Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Center for Remote Sensing Applications (CRSA), Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), 43150 Benguerir, Morocco
Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Coimbra, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal
NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Siva Innovasjonssenter, Sykehusvn 21, 9019 Tromsø, Norway
Poliltehnic University of Timisoara, Traian Lalescu 2°, 300223 Timisoara, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(6), 1001;
Received: 3 February 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 16 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
With the increasing role that unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are playing in data collection for environmental studies, two key challenges relate to harmonizing and providing standardized guidance for data collection, and also establishing protocols that are applicable across a broad range of environments and conditions. In this context, a network of scientists are cooperating within the framework of the Harmonious Project to develop and promote harmonized mapping strategies and disseminate operational guidance to ensure best practice for data collection and interpretation. The culmination of these efforts is summarized in the present manuscript. Through this synthesis study, we identify the many interdependencies of each step in the collection and processing chain, and outline approaches to formalize and ensure a successful workflow and product development. Given the number of environmental conditions, constraints, and variables that could possibly be explored from UAS platforms, it is impractical to provide protocols that can be applied universally under all scenarios. However, it is possible to collate and systematically order the fragmented knowledge on UAS collection and analysis to identify the best practices that can best ensure the streamlined and rigorous development of scientific products. View Full-Text
Keywords: UAS-based mapping; environmental monitoring; effective workflow; guidelines UAS-based mapping; environmental monitoring; effective workflow; guidelines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tmušić, G.; Manfreda, S.; Aasen, H.; James, M.R.; Gonçalves, G.; Ben-Dor, E.; Brook, A.; Polinova, M.; Arranz, J.J.; Mészáros, J.; Zhuang, R.; Johansen, K.; Malbeteau, Y.; de Lima, I.P.; Davids, C.; Herban, S.; McCabe, M.F. Current Practices in UAS-based Environmental Monitoring. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1001.

AMA Style

Tmušić G, Manfreda S, Aasen H, James MR, Gonçalves G, Ben-Dor E, Brook A, Polinova M, Arranz JJ, Mészáros J, Zhuang R, Johansen K, Malbeteau Y, de Lima IP, Davids C, Herban S, McCabe MF. Current Practices in UAS-based Environmental Monitoring. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(6):1001.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tmušić, Goran, Salvatore Manfreda, Helge Aasen, Mike R. James, Gil Gonçalves, Eyal Ben-Dor, Anna Brook, Maria Polinova, Jose J. Arranz, János Mészáros, Ruodan Zhuang, Kasper Johansen, Yoann Malbeteau, Isabel P. de Lima, Corine Davids, Sorin Herban, and Matthew F. McCabe. 2020. "Current Practices in UAS-based Environmental Monitoring" Remote Sensing 12, no. 6: 1001.

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