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Open AccessArticle

Vertical Wind Shear Modulates Particulate Matter Pollutions: A Perspective from Radar Wind Profiler Observations in Beijing, China

1
State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
2
School of Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
3
Institute of Environment, Energy and Sustainability, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong 999077, China
4
School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
5
Department of Geography and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong 999077, China
6
Stanley Ho Big Data Decision Analytics Research Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong 999077, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(3), 546; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12030546
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 2 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 7 February 2020
Vertical wind shear (VWS) is one of the key meteorological factors in modulating ground-level particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 µm or less (PM2.5). Due to the lack of high-resolution vertical wind measurements, how the VWS affects ground-level PM2.5 remains highly debated. Here we employed the wind profiling observations from the fine-time-resolution radar wind profiler (RWP), together with hourly ground-level PM2.5 measurements, to explore the wind features in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) and their association with aerosols in Beijing for the period from December 1, 2018, to February 28, 2019. Overall, southerly wind anomalies almost dominated throughout the whole PBL or even beyond the PBL under polluted conditions during the course of a day, as totally opposed to the northerly wind anomalies in the PBL under clean conditions. Besides, the ground-level PM2.5 pollution exhibited a strong dependence on the VWS. A much weaker VWS was observed in the lower part of the PBL under polluted conditions, compared with that under clean conditions, which could be due to the strong ground-level PM2.5 accumulation induced by weak vertical mixing in the PBL. Notably, weak northbound transboundary PM2.5 pollution mainly appeared within the PBL, where relatively small VWS dominated. Above the PBL, strong northerlies winds also favored the long-range transport of aerosols, which in turn deteriorated the air quality in Beijing as well. This was well corroborated by the synoptic-scale circulation and backward trajectory analysis. Therefore, we argued here that not only the wind speed in the vertical but the VWS were important for the investigation of aerosol pollution formation mechanism in Beijing. Also, our findings offer wider insights into the role of VWS from RWP in modulating the variation of PM2.5, which deserves explicit consideration in the forecast of air quality in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM2.5; radar wind profiler; Beijing; wind shear PM2.5; radar wind profiler; Beijing; wind shear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Guo, J.; Yang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Yim, S.H.L. Vertical Wind Shear Modulates Particulate Matter Pollutions: A Perspective from Radar Wind Profiler Observations in Beijing, China. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 546. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12030546

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Guo J, Yang Y, Wang Y, Yim SHL. Vertical Wind Shear Modulates Particulate Matter Pollutions: A Perspective from Radar Wind Profiler Observations in Beijing, China. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(3):546. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12030546

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Ying; Guo, Jianping; Yang, Yuanjian; Wang, Yu; Yim, Steve H.L. 2020. "Vertical Wind Shear Modulates Particulate Matter Pollutions: A Perspective from Radar Wind Profiler Observations in Beijing, China" Remote Sens. 12, no. 3: 546. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12030546

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