Next Article in Journal
Forgotten Nazi Forced Labour Camps: Arbeitslager Riese (Lower Silesia, SE Poland) and the Use of Archival Aerial Photography and Contemporary LiDAR and Ground Truth Data to Identify and Delineate Camp Areas
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of the Madden–Julian Oscillation on Cyclone Amphan (2020) and Southwest Monsoon Onset
Previous Article in Journal
A Hybrid Approach Combining Conceptual Hydrological Models, Support Vector Machines and Remote Sensing Data for Rainfall-Runoff Modeling
Previous Article in Special Issue
CYGNSS Surface Heat Flux Product Development

FluxSat: Measuring the Ocean–Atmosphere Turbulent Exchange of Heat and Moisture from Space

Farallon Institute, Petaluma, CA 94952, USA
Earth and Space Research, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
Department of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Department of Ocean Sciences at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0230, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(11), 1796;
Received: 6 May 2020 / Revised: 27 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Air-Sea Fluxes)
Recent results using wind and sea surface temperature data from satellites and high-resolution coupled models suggest that mesoscale ocean–atmosphere interactions affect the locations and evolution of storms and seasonal precipitation over continental regions such as the western US and Europe. The processes responsible for this coupling are difficult to verify due to the paucity of accurate air–sea turbulent heat and moisture flux data. These fluxes are currently derived by combining satellite measurements that are not coincident and have differing and relatively low spatial resolutions, introducing sampling errors that are largest in regions with high spatial and temporal variability. Observational errors related to sensor design also contribute to increased uncertainty. Leveraging recent advances in sensor technology, we here describe a satellite mission concept, FluxSat, that aims to simultaneously measure all variables necessary for accurate estimation of ocean–atmosphere turbulent heat and moisture fluxes and capture the effect of oceanic mesoscale forcing. Sensor design is expected to reduce observational errors of the latent and sensible heat fluxes by almost 50%. FluxSat will improve the accuracy of the fluxes at spatial scales critical to understanding the coupled ocean–atmosphere boundary layer system, providing measurements needed to improve weather forecasts and climate model simulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: air–sea interactions; mesoscale; fluxes air–sea interactions; mesoscale; fluxes
Show Figures

Figure 1

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Description: The scripts and data used to perform the analysis and generate this manuscript are available on and archived in Zenodo.
MDPI and ACS Style

Gentemann, C.L.; Clayson, C.A.; Brown, S.; Lee, T.; Parfitt, R.; Farrar, J.T.; Bourassa, M.; Minnett, P.J.; Seo, H.; Gille, S.T.; Zlotnicki, V. FluxSat: Measuring the Ocean–Atmosphere Turbulent Exchange of Heat and Moisture from Space. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1796.

AMA Style

Gentemann CL, Clayson CA, Brown S, Lee T, Parfitt R, Farrar JT, Bourassa M, Minnett PJ, Seo H, Gille ST, Zlotnicki V. FluxSat: Measuring the Ocean–Atmosphere Turbulent Exchange of Heat and Moisture from Space. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(11):1796.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gentemann, Chelle L., Carol Anne Clayson, Shannon Brown, Tong Lee, Rhys Parfitt, J. Thomas Farrar, Mark Bourassa, Peter J. Minnett, Hyodae Seo, Sarah T. Gille, and Victor Zlotnicki. 2020. "FluxSat: Measuring the Ocean–Atmosphere Turbulent Exchange of Heat and Moisture from Space" Remote Sensing 12, no. 11: 1796.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop