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Article

Satellite Imagery-Based Damage Assessment on Nineveh and Nebi Yunus Archaeological Site in Iraq

European Union Satellite Centre, Apdo. Correos 511, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
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Remote Sens. 2020, 12(10), 1672; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101672
Received: 6 April 2020 / Revised: 17 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
During the last decades, archaeological site looting throughout Iraq has increased significantly up to a point where some of the most famous and relevant ancient Mesopotamian cities are currently threatened in their integrity. Several important archaeological monuments and artifacts have been destroyed, due to ISIL attacks and associated looting. Since 2016, the policies of the European Union have been increasingly harsh to condemn these atrocious acts of destruction. In such a scenario, the European Union Satellite Centre can be an invaluable instrument for the identification and assessment of the damage in areas occupied by ISIL. A detailed view of the damage suffered by the Nineveh and Nebi Yunus ancient sites, in Iraq, was assessed via visual inspection. The analysis was conducted considering the main events that occurred in the city of Mosul, between November 2013 and March 2018. More than 25 satellite images, new acquisitions and archived, supported by collateral data, allowed the detection and classification of the damage occurred over time. A description of the methodology and the classification of category and type of damage is presented. The results of the analysis confirm the dramatic levels of destruction that these two ancient sites have been suffering since 2013. The analysis reported in this paper is part of a wider study that the SatCen conducted in cooperation with the EU Counter-Terrorism Office and PRISM Office. The whole activity aimed at confirming to EU institutions the massive looting and trafficking operated in the area. The results have been provided to archaeologists in the field as well in support of local authorities who are trying to evaluate the current situation in the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural heritage; damage assessment; looting; remote sensing; very high resolution; Iraq; Niniveh; Nebi Yunus cultural heritage; damage assessment; looting; remote sensing; very high resolution; Iraq; Niniveh; Nebi Yunus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Angiuli, E.; Pecharromán, E.; Vega Ezquieta, P.; Gorzynska, M.; Ovejanu, I. Satellite Imagery-Based Damage Assessment on Nineveh and Nebi Yunus Archaeological Site in Iraq. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1672. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101672

AMA Style

Angiuli E, Pecharromán E, Vega Ezquieta P, Gorzynska M, Ovejanu I. Satellite Imagery-Based Damage Assessment on Nineveh and Nebi Yunus Archaeological Site in Iraq. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(10):1672. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101672

Chicago/Turabian Style

Angiuli, Emanuele, Epifanio Pecharromán, Pablo Vega Ezquieta, Maria Gorzynska, and Ionut Ovejanu. 2020. "Satellite Imagery-Based Damage Assessment on Nineveh and Nebi Yunus Archaeological Site in Iraq" Remote Sensing 12, no. 10: 1672. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101672

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