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Article

Spatially Explicit Mapping of Soil Conservation Service in Monetary Units Due to Land Use/Cover Change for the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China

by 1,2, 1 and 3,*
1
Department of Land Resource Management, School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization and Sedimentary Mineral, College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
3
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(4), 468; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11040468
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 25 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing for Terrestrial Ecosystem Health)
Studies of land use/cover change (LUCC) and its impact on ecosystem service (ES) in monetary units can provide information that governments can use to identify where protection and restoration is economically most important. Translating ES in monetary units into decision making strongly depends on the availability of spatially explicit information on LUCC and ES. Yet such datasets are unavailable for the Three Gorges Reservoir Area (TGRA) despite its perceived soil conservation service value (SCSV). The availability of remote sensing-based datasets and advanced GIS techniques has enhanced the potential of spatially explicit ES mapping exercises. Here, we first explored LUCC in the TGRA for four time periods (1995–2000, 2000–2005, 2005–2010, and 2010–2015). Then, applying a value transfer method with an equivalent value factor spatialized using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), we estimated the changes of monetary SCSV in response to LUCC in a spatially explicit way. Finally, the sensitivity of SCSV changes in response to LUCC was determined. Major findings: (i) Expansion of construction land and water bodies and contraction of cropland characterized the LUCC in all periods. Their driving factors include the relocation of residents, construction of the Three Gorges Dam, urbanization, and the Grain for Green Program; (ii) The SCSV for TGRA was generally stable for 1995–2015, declining slightly (<1%), suggesting a sustainable human–environment relationship in the TGRA. The SCSV prevails in regions with elevations (slopes) of 400–1600 m (0°–10°); for Chongqing and its surrounding regions it decreased significantly during 1995–2015; (iii) SCSV’s sensitivity index was 1.04, 0.53, 0.92, and 1.25 in the four periods, respectively, which is generally low. Chongqing and its surrounding regions, with their pervasive urbanization and dense populations, had the highest sensitivity. For 1995–2015, 70.63% of the study area underwent increases in this sensitivity index. Our results provide crucial information for policymaking concerning ecological conservation and compensation. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem service; economic valuation; equivalent value factor; different construction periods; human activities; Yangtze River Basin ecosystem service; economic valuation; equivalent value factor; different construction periods; human activities; Yangtze River Basin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, S.; Bing, Z.; Jin, G. Spatially Explicit Mapping of Soil Conservation Service in Monetary Units Due to Land Use/Cover Change for the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 468. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11040468

AMA Style

Li S, Bing Z, Jin G. Spatially Explicit Mapping of Soil Conservation Service in Monetary Units Due to Land Use/Cover Change for the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(4):468. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11040468

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Shicheng, Zilu Bing, and Gui Jin. 2019. "Spatially Explicit Mapping of Soil Conservation Service in Monetary Units Due to Land Use/Cover Change for the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China" Remote Sensing 11, no. 4: 468. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11040468

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