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Can We Use the QA4ECV Black-sky Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) using AVHRR Surface Reflectance to Assess Terrestrial Global Change?

1
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 21027 Ispra, Italy
2
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, MD 20771, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(24), 3055; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11243055
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 6 December 2019 / Accepted: 14 December 2019 / Published: 17 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Biogeosciences Remote Sensing)
NOAA platforms provide the longest period of terrestrial observation since the 1980s. The progress in calibration, atmospheric corrections and physically based land retrieval offers the opportunity to reprocess these data for extending terrestrial product time series. Within the Quality Assurance for Essential Climate Variables (QA4ECV) project, the black-sky Joint Research Centre (JRC)-fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR) algorithm was developed for the AVHRR sensors on-board NOAA-07 to -16 using the Land Surface Reflectance Climate Data Record. The retrieval algorithm was based on the radiative transfer theory, and uncertainties were included in the products. We proposed a time and spatial composite for providing both 10-day and monthly products at 0.05º × 0.05º. Quality control and validation were achieved through benchmarking against third-party products, including Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS) datasets produced with the same retrieval algorithm. Past ground-based measurements, providing a proxy of FAPAR, showed good agreement of seasonality values over short homogeneous canopies and mixed vegetation. The average difference between SeaWiFS and QA4ECV monthly products over 2002–2005 is about 0.075 with a standard deviation of 0.091. We proposed a monthly linear bias correction that reduced these statistics to 0.02 and 0.001. The complete harmonized long-term time series was then used to address its fitness for the purpose of analysis of global terrestrial change. View Full-Text
Keywords: AVHRR; FAPAR; terrestrial surface; uncertainties; QA4ECV AVHRR; FAPAR; terrestrial surface; uncertainties; QA4ECV
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Gobron, N.; Marioni, M.; Robustelli, M.; Vermote, E. Can We Use the QA4ECV Black-sky Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) using AVHRR Surface Reflectance to Assess Terrestrial Global Change? Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 3055.

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