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Use of Remote Sensing, Geophysical Techniques and Archaeological Excavations to Define the Roman Amphitheater of Torreparedones (Córdoba, Spain)

1
Department of Arts and Archaeology, Universidad de Córdoba, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Plaza del Cardenal Salazar, 3, E-14003 Córdoba, Spain
2
Andalusian Institut of Geophysics, Universidad de Granada, Calle Profesor Clavera, s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
HUM 882 Research Group-Patricia Unit, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio C1, Carretera Nacional IV, km 396, 14014 Córdoba, Spain
4
Departament of Prehistory and Archaeology, Universidad de Granada, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Calle Profesor Clavera, 12, 18071 Granada, Spain
5
Head of Torreparedones Archaeological Site, Calle del Beato Fray Domingo de Henares, 5, Baena, 14850 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(24), 2937; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11242937
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 4 December 2019 / Accepted: 5 December 2019 / Published: 7 December 2019
Non-destructive techniques are widely used to explore and detect burial remains in archaeological sites. In this study, we present two sets of sensors, aerial and geophysics, that we have combined to analyze a 2 ha sector of ground in the Torreparedones Archaeological Park located in Cordoba, Spain. Aerial platforms were used in a first step to identify a Roman amphitheater located near the Roman city. To ensure greater reliability and to rule out geological causes, a geophysical survey was subsequently carried out. Magnetic gradiometer, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) methods were also used to confirm the existence of this structure, define the geometry and, to the greatest possible extent, determine the degree of preservation of this construction. The adverse conditions for data acquisition was one of the main constraints, since the area of interest was an almond plantation which conditioned geophysical profiles. In addition, due to the low dielectric and magnetic contrast between the structures and the embedding material, meticulous data processing was required. In order to obtain further evidence of this amphitheater and to corroborate the aerial images and the geophysical models, an archaeological excavation was carried out. The results confirmed the cross-validation with the predicted non-destructive models. Therefore, this work can serve as an example to be used prior to conservation actions to investigate the suburbs and landscapes near similar roman cities in Spain. View Full-Text
Keywords: roman amphitheater; remote sensing methods; aerial imagery; geophysical survey; archaeological excavations; Torreparedones roman amphitheater; remote sensing methods; aerial imagery; geophysical survey; archaeological excavations; Torreparedones
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MDPI and ACS Style

Monterroso-Checa, A.; Teixidó, T.; Gasparini, M.; Peña, J.A.; Rodero, S.; Moreno, J.C.; Morena, J.A. Use of Remote Sensing, Geophysical Techniques and Archaeological Excavations to Define the Roman Amphitheater of Torreparedones (Córdoba, Spain). Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2937.

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