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Open AccessArticle

Estimation of the Antenna Phase Center Correction Model for the BeiDou-3 MEO Satellites

College of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(23), 2850; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11232850
Received: 29 October 2019 / Revised: 28 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 30 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Navigation Satellite Systems for Earth Observing System)
Satellite antenna phase center offsets (PCOs) and phase variations (PVs) for BeiDou-3 satellites are estimated based on the tracking data of the Multi-GNSS Experiment (MGEX) and the international GNSS Monitoring and Assessment System (iGMAS) network. However, when estimating the (PCOs) of BeiDou-3 medium Earth orbit (MEO) satellites by pure Extending the CODE Orbit Model (ECOM1), the x-offset estimations of the PCOs have a systematic variation of about 0.4 m with the elevation of the Sun above the orbital plane (β-angle). Thus, a priori box-wing solar radiation pressure (SRP) model of BeiDou-3 MEO was assisted with ECOM1. Then, the satellite type-specific PCOs and common PVs were obtained. The estimations of PCOs and PVs were compared with the MGEX PCOs from the precise orbit and clock offset. When the MGEX PCOs were used, the root mean square (RMS) of 24 h overlap was 6.76, 4.36, 1.46 cm, in along-track, cross-track, and radial directions, respectively; the RMS and standard deviations (STD) of the 24 h clock offset overlap were 0.28 and 0.15 ns; the fitting RMS of the 72 h clock offset of the quadratic polynomial was 0.243 ns. After comparing this with the estimated PCOs and PVs, the RMS of the 24 h orbit overlap was decreased by 6.5 mm (10.54%), 1.8 mm (4.4%), and 1.1 mm (8.03%) in the along-track, cross-track, and radial directions, respectively; the RMS and STD of the 24 h clock offset overlap were decreased by 0.024 ns (8.6%) and 0.020 ns (13.1%), respectively; the fitting RMS of the 72 h clock offset of the quadratic polynomial was reduced by about 0.016 ns (6.5%). View Full-Text
Keywords: BeiDou-3; ECOM1; a priori solar radiation pressure model; phase center offsets; phase variations; precise orbit determination BeiDou-3; ECOM1; a priori solar radiation pressure model; phase center offsets; phase variations; precise orbit determination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, X.; Huang, G.; Zhang, Q.; Wang, L.; Qin, Z.; Xie, S. Estimation of the Antenna Phase Center Correction Model for the BeiDou-3 MEO Satellites. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2850.

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