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Open AccessArticle

waveformlidar: An R Package for Waveform LiDAR Processing and Analysis

by Tan Zhou 1,2,* and Sorin Popescu 2
Colaberry Inc., 200 Portland St, Boston, MA 02114, USA
LiDAR Applications for the Study of Ecosystems with Remote Sensing (LASERS) Laboratory, Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77450, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(21), 2552;
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 19 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 30 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mathematical Models for Remote Sensing Image and Data Processing)
A wealth of Full Waveform (FW) LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) data are available to the public from different sources, which is poised to boost extensive applications of FW LiDAR data. However, we lack a handy and open source tool that can be used by potential users for processing and analyzing FW LiDAR data. To this end, we introduce waveformlidar, an R package dedicated to FW LiDAR processing, analysis and visualization as a solution to the constraint. Specifically, this package provides several commonly used waveform processing methods such as Gaussian, Adaptive Gaussian and Weibull decompositions and deconvolution approaches (Gold and Richard-Lucy (RL)) with users’ customized settings. In addition, we also developed functions to derive commonly used waveform metrics for characterizing vegetation structure. Moreover, a new way to directly visualize FW LiDAR data is developed by converting waveforms into points to form the Hyper Point Cloud (HPC), which can be easily adopted and subsequently analyzed with existing discrete-return LiDAR processing tools such as LAStools and FUSION. Basic explorations of the HPC such as 3D voxelization of the HPC and conversion from original waveforms to composite waveforms are also available in this package. All of these functions are developed based on small-footprint FW LiDAR data but they can be easily transplanted to the large footprint FW LiDAR data such as Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) and Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) data analysis. It is anticipated that these functions will facilitate the widespread use of FW LiDAR and be beneficial for better estimating biomass and characterizing vegetation structure at various scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: waveform decomposition; hyper point cloud; deconvolution; waveform voxel; composite waveform waveform decomposition; hyper point cloud; deconvolution; waveform voxel; composite waveform
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Zhou, T.; Popescu, S. waveformlidar: An R Package for Waveform LiDAR Processing and Analysis. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2552.

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