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Open AccessArticle

Application for Terrestrial LiDAR on Mudstone Erosion Caused by Typhoons

Department of Geography, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(20), 2425; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11202425
Received: 28 August 2019 / Revised: 17 October 2019 / Accepted: 17 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Point Cloud Processing and Analysis in Remote Sensing)
Storms are important agents for shaping the Earth’s surface and often dominate the landscape evolution of mudstone areas, by rapid erosion and deposition. In our research, we used terrestrial scanning LiDAR (TLS) to detect surface changes in a 30 m in height, 60 m in width mudstone slope. This target slope shows the specific erosion pattern during extreme rainfall events such as typhoons. We investigate two major subjects: (1) how typhoon events impact erosion in the target slope, and (2) how rills develop on the hillslopes during these observation periods. There were three scans obtained in 2011, and converted to two observation periods. The permanent target points (TP) method and DEMs of differences were used to check the accuracy of point cloud. The results showed that the average erosion rate was 5 cm during the dry period in 2011. Following the typhoons, the erosion rate increased 1.4 times to 7 cm and was better correlated with the increase in the rainfall intensity than with general precipitation amounts. The hillslope gradient combined with rainfall intensity played a significant role in the geomorphic process. We found that in areas with over 75° gradients with larger rainfall intensity showed more erosion that at other gradients. The gradient also influenced the rill development, which occurred at middle and low gradients but not at high gradients. The rills also created a transition zone for erosion and deposition at the middle gradient where a minimal change occurred. View Full-Text
Keywords: Terrestrial LiDAR (TLS); typhoon; mudstones; erosion; rills; hillslope gradient Terrestrial LiDAR (TLS); typhoon; mudstones; erosion; rills; hillslope gradient
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, Y.-C.; Yang, C.-J.; Lin, J.-C. Application for Terrestrial LiDAR on Mudstone Erosion Caused by Typhoons. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2425. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11202425

AMA Style

Cheng Y-C, Yang C-J, Lin J-C. Application for Terrestrial LiDAR on Mudstone Erosion Caused by Typhoons. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(20):2425. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11202425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheng, Yeuan-Chang; Yang, Ci-Jian; Lin, Jiun-Chuan. 2019. "Application for Terrestrial LiDAR on Mudstone Erosion Caused by Typhoons" Remote Sens. 11, no. 20: 2425. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11202425

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