Evaluation of Leaf N Concentration in Winter Wheat Based on Discrete Wavelet Transform Analysis
AbstractLeaf nitrogen concentration (LNC) is an important indicator for accurate diagnosis and quantitative evaluation of plant growth status. The objective was to apply a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) analysis in winter wheat for the estimation of LNC based on visible and near-infrared (400–1350 nm) canopy reflectance spectra. In this paper, in situ LNC data and ground-based hyperspectral canopy reflectance was measured over three years at different sites during the tillering, jointing, booting and filling stages of winter wheat. The DWT analysis was conducted on canopy original spectrum, log-transformed spectrum, first derivative spectrum and continuum removal spectrum, respectively, to obtain approximation coefficients, detail coefficients and energy values to characterize canopy spectra. The quantitative relationships between LNC and characteristic parameters were investigated and compared with models established by sensitive band reflectance and typical spectral indices. The results showed combining log-transformed spectrum and a sym8 wavelet function with partial least squares regression (PLS) based on the approximation coefficients at decomposition level 4 most accurately predicted LNC. This approach could explain 11% more variability in LNC than the best spectral index mSR705 alone, and was more stable in estimating LNC than models based on random forest regression (RF). The results indicated that narrowband reflectance spectroscopy (450–1350 nm) combined with DWT analysis and PLS regression was a promising method for rapid and nondestructive estimation of LNC for winter wheat across a range in growth stages. View Full-Text
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Li, F.; Wang, L.; Liu, J.; Wang, Y.; Chang, Q. Evaluation of Leaf N Concentration in Winter Wheat Based on Discrete Wavelet Transform Analysis. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1331.
Li F, Wang L, Liu J, Wang Y, Chang Q. Evaluation of Leaf N Concentration in Winter Wheat Based on Discrete Wavelet Transform Analysis. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(11):1331.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Fenling; Wang, Li; Liu, Jing; Wang, Yuna; Chang, Qingrui. 2019. "Evaluation of Leaf N Concentration in Winter Wheat Based on Discrete Wavelet Transform Analysis." Remote Sens. 11, no. 11: 1331.
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