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Open AccessArticle

Colour Classification of 1486 Lakes across a Wide Range of Optical Water Types

Environmental Research Institute, The University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Water & Climate Risk, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(8), 1273;
Received: 1 July 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 9 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Inland Waters and Their Catchments)
Remote sensing by satellite-borne sensors presents a significant opportunity to enhance the spatio-temporal coverage of environmental monitoring programmes for lakes, but the estimation of classic water quality attributes from inland water bodies has not reached operational status due to the difficulty of discerning the spectral signatures of optically active water constituents. Determination of water colour, as perceived by the human eye, does not require knowledge of inherent optical properties and therefore represents a generally applicable remotely-sensed water quality attribute. In this paper, we implemented a recent algorithm for the retrieval of colour parameters (hue angle, dominant wavelength) and derived a new correction for colour purity to account for the spectral bandpass of the Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI). We used this algorithm to calculate water colour on almost 45,000 observations over four years from 1486 lakes from a diverse range of optical water types in New Zealand. We show that the most prevalent lake colours are yellow-orange and blue, respectively, while green observations are comparatively rare. About 40% of the study lakes show transitions between colours at a range of time scales, including seasonal. A preliminary exploratory analysis suggests that both geo-physical and anthropogenic factors, such as catchment land use, provide environmental control of lake colour and are promising avenues for future analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: lakes; Landsat 8; Dominant Wavelength; colour; New Zealand; purity lakes; Landsat 8; Dominant Wavelength; colour; New Zealand; purity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lehmann, M.K.; Nguyen, U.; Allan, M.; Van der Woerd, H.J. Colour Classification of 1486 Lakes across a Wide Range of Optical Water Types. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1273.

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