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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(8), 1239; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10081239

Volunteered Geographic Information for Disaster Risk Reduction—The Missing Maps Approach and Its Potential within the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1
German Red Cross, International Cooperation, 12205 Berlin, Germany
2
British Red Cross, GIS, 44 Moorfields, London EC2Y 9AL, UK
3
GIScience Research Group, Institute of Geography, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 July 2018 / Revised: 1 August 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
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Abstract

For the last few years, the increasing need for humanitarian support has led to increasing demand and responsibilities for the international humanitarian system. This trend raises questions regarding the use of alternative and complementary data sources and potential additional actors and communities that could be involved in support efforts and cover some of the tasks of humanitarian organizations. The article provides an overview of the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement, their practices and activities as well as current needs and challenges. The article illustrates the potential of OpenStreetMap and digital volunteers for humanitarian activities, with a particular focus on disaster risk reduction in the scope of the Missing Maps project. The background and objective of the collaborative project as well as its potential and impact for the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement are elucidated. The conclusion and outlook section presents future plans and visions to make further use of the potential of the Missing Maps approach in additional sectors and contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: OpenStreetMap; Missing Maps; Red Cross and Red Crescent movement; digital volunteers; volunteered geographic information; Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments OpenStreetMap; Missing Maps; Red Cross and Red Crescent movement; digital volunteers; volunteered geographic information; Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Scholz, S.; Knight, P.; Eckle, M.; Marx, S.; Zipf, A. Volunteered Geographic Information for Disaster Risk Reduction—The Missing Maps Approach and Its Potential within the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1239.

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