Next Article in Journal
A Feedback Control Method for Addressing the Production Scheduling Problem by Considering Energy Consumption and Makespan
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Half-Precast Concrete Slab System on Construction Productivity
Previous Article in Journal
Spatial Club Convergence of Regional Economic Growth in Inland China
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Exploratory Analysis of Risks in Green Residential Building Construction Projects: The Case of Singapore
Open AccessArticle

Incentive Model Based on Cooperative Relationship in Sustainable Construction Projects

by Guangdong Wu 1,*, Jian Zuo 2,* and Xianbo Zhao 3
School of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance & Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
School of Architecture and Built Environment; Entrepreneurship, Commercialisation and Innovation Centre (ECIC), The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1191;
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 3 July 2017 / Accepted: 4 July 2017 / Published: 6 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management Strategies and Innovations for Sustainable Construction)
Considering the cooperative relationship between owners and contractors in sustainable construction projects, as well as the synergistic effects created by cooperative behaviors, a cooperative incentive model was developed using game theory. The model was formulated and analyzed under both non-moral hazard and moral hazard situations. Then, a numerical simulation and example were proposed to verify the conclusions derived from the model. The results showed that the synergistic effect increases the input intensity of one party’s resource transfer into the increase of marginal utility of the other party, thus the owner and contractor are willing to enhance their levels of effort. One party’s optimal benefit allocation coefficient is positively affected by its own output efficiency, and negatively affected by the other party’s output efficiency. The effort level and expected benefits of the owner and contractor can be improved by enhancing the cooperative relationship between the two parties, as well as enhancing the net benefits of a sustainable construction project. The synergistic effect cannot lower the negative effect of moral hazard behaviors during the implementation of sustainable construction projects. Conversely, the higher levels of the cooperative relationship, the wider the gaps amongst the optimal values under both non-moral hazard and moral hazard situations for the levels of effort, expected benefits and net project benefits. Since few studies to date have emphasized the effects of cooperative relationship on sustainable construction projects, this study constructed a game-based incentive model to bridge the gaps. This study contributes significant theoretical and practical insights into the management of cooperation amongst stakeholders, and into the enhancement of the overall benefits of sustainable construction projects. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable construction; cooperative relationship; incentive model; synergistic effect sustainable construction; cooperative relationship; incentive model; synergistic effect
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, G.; Zuo, J.; Zhao, X. Incentive Model Based on Cooperative Relationship in Sustainable Construction Projects. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1191.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop