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A Decision Model to Predict the Optimal Size of the Diversified Management Industry from the View of Profit Maximization and Coordination of Industrial Scale

1
School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
3
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yongrok Choi
Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 642; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9040642
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 7 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
To avoid the risk of single and homogeneous development, China’s coal enterprises have explored a diversified development model and are actively developing coal-based industries such as electric power, coal chemical, coal equipment manufacturing, logistics, and building materials. In previous studies of the diversification strategy, the focus has been placed on the motivation for diversification, the measurement of diversification, and the relationship between diversification and enterprise performance. From an enterprise strategic decision, we predicted the optimal size of each industry by considering the limited enterprise capital, human resources, the synergetic relationship among industrial clusters (mainly the scale coordination), and policy factors. The optimal decision model for diversified industrial management was constructed using linear programming methods. The decision target was to maximize the enterprise’s profit, but to also consider the social and environmental benefits. One of the largest listed coal enterprises in China, China Coal Energy (also a typical diversified enterprise), was selected as a case for analysis. Data were collected from surveys and annual reports from 2010 to 2014. The optimal scales of coal, electric power, chemical, and equipment manufacturing were predicted, and could be used as a reference for future enterprise production decisions. Furthermore, this decision model can be used as a reference for other diversified enterprises. View Full-Text
Keywords: diversified management; optimal industrial scale; maximization of enterprise profit; coordination of industrial scale diversified management; optimal industrial scale; maximization of enterprise profit; coordination of industrial scale
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, C.-M.; Cui, T.; Nie, R.; Shan, Y.; Wang, J.; Qian, X. A Decision Model to Predict the Optimal Size of the Diversified Management Industry from the View of Profit Maximization and Coordination of Industrial Scale. Sustainability 2017, 9, 642. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9040642

AMA Style

Li C-M, Cui T, Nie R, Shan Y, Wang J, Qian X. A Decision Model to Predict the Optimal Size of the Diversified Management Industry from the View of Profit Maximization and Coordination of Industrial Scale. Sustainability. 2017; 9(4):642. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9040642

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Chong-Mao, Tao Cui, Rui Nie, Yuli Shan, Juan Wang, and Xiangyan Qian. 2017. "A Decision Model to Predict the Optimal Size of the Diversified Management Industry from the View of Profit Maximization and Coordination of Industrial Scale" Sustainability 9, no. 4: 642. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9040642

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