Next Article in Journal
Application of Emergy Analysis to the Sustainability Evaluation of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants
Previous Article in Journal
The Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Development: The Case of Sofia’s Master Plan
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 17;

Be Sustainable to Be Innovative: An Analysis of Their Mutual Reinforcement

Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Polytechnic University of Milan, 20133 Milano, Italy
Department of Industrial Engineering, Business Administration and Statistics, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc Rosen
Received: 9 October 2016 / Revised: 14 December 2016 / Accepted: 16 December 2016 / Published: 23 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
Full-Text   |   PDF [826 KB, uploaded 26 December 2016]   |  


Sustainable development has attracted the increasing attention of both researchers and practitioners. While academicians and practitioners’ focus towards sustainability has shifted to innovation, there is a need to understand how sustainability and innovation are interlinked. Thus, this paper attempts to analyze, first, the bidirectional impact of the firms’ pursuit of sustainability and innovation as the priority, second, the bidirectional impact of the adoption of sustainability innovation action programs and, third, to discern the bidirectional influence of sustainability and innovation performances. The evidence is drawn from a sample of 860 manufacturing plants in 22 countries from the sixth edition of the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey 2013. The survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. Structural equation modelling has been employed to test the model. The results show that sustainability and innovation positively and significantly impact each other in terms of the adoption of their relevant action programs and performance. However, the pursuit of sustainability priority acts as an antecedent of innovation priority. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; innovation; mutual influence; priority; action programs; performance sustainability; innovation; mutual influence; priority; action programs; performance

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Behnam, S.; Cagliano, R. Be Sustainable to Be Innovative: An Analysis of Their Mutual Reinforcement. Sustainability 2017, 9, 17.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top