Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication
AbstractResource depletion and environmental degradation have become serious challenges for China’s sustainable development. This paper constructs indicators to assess China’s green economy performance and green productivity growth, in which economic expansion, resource conservation and environmental protection need to be incorporated simultaneously. For this purpose, we combine non-radial directional distance function and meta-frontier Malmquist productivity to develop the indicators. The methodology also allows for the decomposition of driving forces of China’s green economy. Moreover, the dataset employed in this paper allows for the evaluation of 275 cities in China during the period 2003–2012. The main findings are as follows. First, most of China’s cities did not perform efficiently in terms of the green economy, with an average score of only 0.233. Second, the growth rate of green productivity is slower than real GDP, and the green productivity growth in China is only moderate. Third, innovation is the main driving force of China’s green productivity growth, but the central region lags behind when it comes to green innovation. Fourth, artificial local protectionism and transport limitations impede the progress of cities that perform ineffectively in the green economy. Based on our empirical findings, we provide policy implications and suggestions for enhancing China’s green economy performance and productivity growth. View Full-Text
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Li, J.; Lin, B. Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication. Sustainability 2016, 8, 947.
Li J, Lin B. Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication. Sustainability. 2016; 8(9):947.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Jianglong; Lin, Boqiang. 2016. "Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication." Sustainability 8, no. 9: 947.
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