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Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 777;

Examining the Association between Physical Characteristics of Green Space and Land Surface Temperature: A Case Study of Ulsan, Korea

School of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, 50 UNIST-gil, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, 689-798, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Davide Geneletti
Received: 9 May 2016 / Revised: 1 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 9 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Challenges)
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The rapid increase of impervious surfaces and the dense development that accompanies urban growth has reduced the amount of green space in urban landscapes and increased urban surface temperatures. Accordingly, the greening of urban spaces has been proposed as one approach to mitigating urban heat island (UHI) effects. To find the most practical green space design for reducing land surface temperatures (LSTs), we explored the effects of the physical characteristics of green spaces on cooling intensity and distance. The physical characteristics of green spaces were defined as shape, size, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and the land-use type of their surroundings. LANDSAT 8 images were used to examine 30 green spaces in Ulsan, Korea. The analytical results showed that the cooling effect was mainly observed within 120 m of a green area and that the intensity of the cooling effects did not exceed 3.0 K. A belt-shaped green space had a greater cooling distance compared to a compact green space. We also found that the NDVI and size of a green space had a positive but non-linear association with cooling intensity. View Full-Text
Keywords: green space; land surface temperature; physical characteristics green space; land surface temperature; physical characteristics

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Park, J.-H.; Cho, G.-H. Examining the Association between Physical Characteristics of Green Space and Land Surface Temperature: A Case Study of Ulsan, Korea. Sustainability 2016, 8, 777.

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