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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1298;

Proposal for Sustainable Dynamic Lighting in Sport Facilities to Decrease Violence among Spectators

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Granada, Granada 18071, Spain
Department of Management, University of Granada, Granada 18071, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joo Hwa (Philip) Bay
Received: 16 October 2016 / Revised: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 7 December 2016 / Published: 10 December 2016
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Violence among spectators at sports events has become a serious problem, not only for its evident impact on safety, but also from the perspective of environmental, cultural, economic and social sustainability. Although it could be considered a purely social problem, some solutions could come from a smart and efficient design and management of the lighting installations. Thus, the management of sports installations requires deep considerations of lighting technology for three reasons: (1) accurate illumination allows the users to achieve their visual task with comfort and safety; (2) the energy consumption of sports facilities can be decreased with an efficient design of the lighting installation; and (3) the lighting impacts some psychological and physiological aspects such as arousal, stress or relaxation which are directly related to violence. In this work, the recent advances on the matter of light sources and non-visual effects of light are deployed within a new proposal of dynamic Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting to decrease violence among spectators. Here, sustainable sports facilities are considered from a global perspective where accurate illumination in each zone (court, bleachers, training rooms and surrounding streets) plays an important role in violence avoidance. View Full-Text
Keywords: lighting installation; sustainability; violence; sport facility; LED lighting installation; sustainability; violence; sport facility; LED
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Amorim, R.; Molina-Moreno, V.; Peña-García, A. Proposal for Sustainable Dynamic Lighting in Sport Facilities to Decrease Violence among Spectators. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1298.

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