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Open AccessArticle

Aquaculture Land-Use Policy: The Case of Clam Farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam

Economics & Rural Development, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, Gembloux 5030, Belgium
Faculty of Accounting and Business Management, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
Department of Geography, Ghent University, Ghent 9000, Belgium
Centre for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek 3590, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jens Newig
Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1251;
Received: 1 September 2016 / Revised: 8 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land and Food Policy)
Policy-making and enforcement remains centralized in Vietnam. Policies have been formulated with less scientific and public justification, thus being largely bureaucratic and infeasible, and in many cases, they have created plagues for people at the grass-roots levels. This article focuses on the implementation of policies related to intertidal land-use and supports for clam farming in the Thaibinh province as a case study to explore the impacts of policies on clam farming and farmers. During the period of 2011–2013, provincial policies on intertidal land allocation and technical and financial supports had boosted clam farming development in the province to a surprising extent. Rapid expansion of the clam farming area has created significant consequences for the farming sector, as well as farmer’s lives. However, for the same provincial policies, but with different enforcement, different farming outcomes for clam farmers in the three study communes have resulted. Where farmers had more of a voice and choice in bidding for the intertidal areas they preferred, they faced fewer problems. It is, thus, suggested that a more decentralized policy-making and enforcement are needed, in which more scientific assessment and farmer participation are required to not only make government policy more successful in supporting farmers and achieving their expected outcomes, but also to provide farmers with more room to make their own farming decisions from which farming and marketing risks could be mitigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use policy; aquaculture; clam farming; North coastal Vietnam land-use policy; aquaculture; clam farming; North coastal Vietnam
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NGO, T.T.H.; TRAN, H.C.; AZADI, H.; LEBAILLY, P. Aquaculture Land-Use Policy: The Case of Clam Farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1251.

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