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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1237;

The Effect of SMED on Benefits Gained in Maquiladora Industry

Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, 32310 Ciudad Juárez, Mexico
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of La Rioja, 26004 La Rioja, Spain
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of La Rioja, 26004 La Rioja, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wei Dei Solvang, Kesheng Wang, Bjørn Solvang, Peter Korondi and Gabor Sziebig
Received: 14 September 2016 / Revised: 28 October 2016 / Accepted: 18 November 2016 / Published: 29 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Manufacturing)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1366 KB, uploaded 29 November 2016]   |  


Nowadays, Single Minute Exchange of Dies (SMED) has achieved great industrial popularity. However, it remains unclear to what extent and how SMED implementation at its different stages benefits industries. To address this gap, this research proposes a structural equation model to quantitatively measure SMED effects. The model has six hypotheses that link SMED stages and benefits. To statistically validate such hypotheses, a questionnaire was administered to 373 Mexican maquiladoras located in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. Results show that before starting SMED implementation process, companies must be appropriately familiarized with their production process. Mainly, manufacturing companies in Ciudad Juárez need to focus their efforts on the SMED planning stage (Step 1) in order to identify important internal production activities and turn them into external activities. In fact, SMED planning stage has direct and indirect effects on subsequent stages and SMED benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: SMED; lean manufacturing; structural equation model; SMED benefits SMED; lean manufacturing; structural equation model; SMED benefits

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Díaz-Reza, J.R.; García-Alcaraz, J.L.; Martínez-Loya, V.; Blanco-Fernández, J.; Jiménez-Macías, E.; Avelar-Sosa, L. The Effect of SMED on Benefits Gained in Maquiladora Industry. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1237.

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