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Reconsidering the Geddesian Concepts of Community and Space through the Paradigm of Smart Cities

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, DICAAR, University of Cagliari, via Marengo, 3, Cagliari 09123, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicos Komninos
Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 985;
Received: 21 July 2016 / Revised: 22 September 2016 / Accepted: 23 September 2016 / Published: 30 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Environments and Planning for Urban Renewal)
PDF [233 KB, uploaded 30 September 2016]


The 100th anniversary of Geddes’ book “Cities in Evolution” has just passed, and the authors of this paper present a contribution towards understanding “how” Geddes might address the paradigm of the “smart city”. Geddesian concepts have greatly revolutionized the design and building of modern cities around the world. As a botanist and a scientist, Geddes incorporated the concept of the appearance of gardens when designing towns. His success in pioneering the planning of his city of residence in Scotland inspired further involvement in designing towns and the renovation of old structures and buildings. His concepts regarding the planning and development of towns and cities have created a foundation of interest in research, professionalism, and educational development. This study analyses the concepts of space, communities, and smart cities, and repositions Geddesian ideas in contemporary learning strategies in relation to the wider political spectrum associated with the paradigm of smart cities. The authors explore the relevance of his thoughts and perspectives in the current design environment geared towards the creation of smart cities. The study also evaluates the challenges of developing smart cities in relation to Patrick Geddes’s ideas. View Full-Text
Keywords: Patrick Geddes; community; urban planning; smart cities Patrick Geddes; community; urban planning; smart cities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Garau, C.; Zamperlin, P.; Balletto, G. Reconsidering the Geddesian Concepts of Community and Space through the Paradigm of Smart Cities. Sustainability 2016, 8, 985.

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