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Sustainability 2014, 6(11), 7906-7920;

Social Evaluation Approaches in Landscape Projects

University of Rome La Sapienza, DIAP, P.zza Borghese 9, 00186 Rome, Italy
University of Roma Tre, Department of Architecture, Via della Madonna dei Monti 40, 00184 Rome, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2014 / Revised: 31 October 2014 / Accepted: 4 November 2014 / Published: 10 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability of Culture and Heritage)
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Landscape is a crucial component of world heritage and, in the last few years, landscape projects have played a vital role in the development of sustainable scenarios. As reported in the European Landscape Convention, landscape means an area, as perceived by people, of which the character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors. Therefore, in landscape planning and assessment, the community is necessarily involved. In order to improve the effectiveness of a project for landscape enhancement, this study suggests strategies for an integrated project, taking into account the numerous, heterogeneous variables involved. A landscape project, therefore, is a complex project that requires structured valuation stages, open to the community dimension. The qualitative, intergenerational, and inclusive characteristics of landscapes suggest that the limits of traditional economic analysis should be exceeded by adopting new assessment methods. With this aim in mind, this paper proposes social evaluation approaches, which operate by combining deliberative processes with total economic and multidimensional approaches. In this paper, we present: (1) a brief overview of the main features and issues concerning landscape projects; (2) strategies for integrated projects in landscape enhancement; and (3) social approaches in landscape assessment that account for complexity and social inclusion. View Full-Text
Keywords: landscape assessment; monetary valuation; multidimensional valuation; social inclusion; sustainable projects landscape assessment; monetary valuation; multidimensional valuation; social inclusion; sustainable projects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Miccoli, S.; Finucci, F.; Murro, R. Social Evaluation Approaches in Landscape Projects. Sustainability 2014, 6, 7906-7920.

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