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Open AccessReview

Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review

Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong
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Sustainability 2010, 2(7), 1943-1968; https://doi.org/10.3390/su2071943
Received: 15 May 2010 / Revised: 1 June 2010 / Accepted: 28 June 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
This study reviews the characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ashes, with a main focus on the chemical properties of the ashes. Furthermore, the possible treatment methods for the utilization of ash, namely, separation processes, solidification/stabilization and thermal processes, are also discussed. Seven types of MSWI ash utilization are reviewed, namely, cement and concrete production, road pavement, glasses and ceramics, agriculture, stabilizing agent, adsorbents and zeolite production. The practical use of MSWI ash shows a great contribution to waste minimization as well as resources conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; fly ash; incineration; waste management; waste utilization; hazardous waste municipal solid waste; fly ash; incineration; waste management; waste utilization; hazardous waste
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Lam, C.H.K.; Ip, A.W.M.; Barford, J.P.; McKay, G. Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1943-1968.

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