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Sustainability 2010, 2(7), 1943-1968;

Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review

Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2010 / Revised: 1 June 2010 / Accepted: 28 June 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
PDF [372 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]


This study reviews the characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ashes, with a main focus on the chemical properties of the ashes. Furthermore, the possible treatment methods for the utilization of ash, namely, separation processes, solidification/stabilization and thermal processes, are also discussed. Seven types of MSWI ash utilization are reviewed, namely, cement and concrete production, road pavement, glasses and ceramics, agriculture, stabilizing agent, adsorbents and zeolite production. The practical use of MSWI ash shows a great contribution to waste minimization as well as resources conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; fly ash; incineration; waste management; waste utilization; hazardous waste municipal solid waste; fly ash; incineration; waste management; waste utilization; hazardous waste

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Lam, C.H.K.; Ip, A.W.M.; Barford, J.P.; McKay, G. Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1943-1968.

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