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Article

Relating Social and Ecological Resilience: Dutch Citizen’s Initiatives for Biodiversity

1
Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen Research, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
2
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alejandro Rescia
Sustainability 2022, 14(7), 3857; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073857
Received: 23 December 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2022 / Accepted: 20 March 2022 / Published: 24 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Policy and Governance: Evolutionary Perspectives)
Social resilience and ecological resilience are related and distinguished, and the potential of social resilience to enhance resilience of encompassing social-ecological systems is discussed. The value of resilience thinking is recognized, yet social resilience needs to be better understood in its distinctive qualities, while resisting identification of social resilience with one particular form of governance or organization. Emerging self-organizing citizen’s initiatives in The Netherlands, initiatives involving re-relating to nature in the living environment, are analyzed, using a systems theoretical framework which resists reduction of nature to culture or vice versa. It is argued that space for self-organization needs to be cultivated, that local self-organization and mobilization around themes of nature in daily life and space have the potential to re-link social and ecological systems in a more resilient manner, yet that maintaining the diversity of forms of knowing and organizing in the overall governance system is essential to the maintenance of social resilience and of diverse capacities to know human-environment relations and to reorganize them in an adaptive manner. Conclusions are drawn in the light of the new Biodiversity Strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; self-organization; citizen’s initiatives; social-ecological systems; biodiversity resilience; self-organization; citizen’s initiatives; social-ecological systems; biodiversity
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MDPI and ACS Style

During, R.; Van Assche, K.; Van Dam, R. Relating Social and Ecological Resilience: Dutch Citizen’s Initiatives for Biodiversity. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3857. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073857

AMA Style

During R, Van Assche K, Van Dam R. Relating Social and Ecological Resilience: Dutch Citizen’s Initiatives for Biodiversity. Sustainability. 2022; 14(7):3857. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073857

Chicago/Turabian Style

During, Roel, Kristof Van Assche, and Rosalie Van Dam. 2022. "Relating Social and Ecological Resilience: Dutch Citizen’s Initiatives for Biodiversity" Sustainability 14, no. 7: 3857. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073857

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