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Article

Expanded (Black) Cork for the Development of an Eco-Friendly Surfboard: Environmental Impact and Mechanical Properties

TEMA—Centre for Mechanical Technology and Automation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Campus de Santiago, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
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Academic Editors: Prateek Saxena, Giuliano Bissacco and Konstantinos Salonitis
Sustainability 2022, 14(2), 668; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020668
Received: 22 September 2021 / Revised: 9 December 2021 / Accepted: 10 December 2021 / Published: 7 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis, Design and Environmental Impact of Green Materials)
Based on global needs for sustainable development, finding new sustainable materials that can replace oil-based ones for mass products is crucial nowadays. This paper focuses on employing an expanded cork-based composite to produce a surfboard. To evaluate the mechanical properties, uniaxial tensile and compression tests were performed on the skin and core materials, respectively. Bending tests were performed on the entire representative composite structure. Numerical models of the tests were arranged and validated from experimental results. From that, a surfboard prototype model was used to simulate some experimental conditions, permitting us to draw promising conclusions. An actual prototype was also produced. It was found that expanded cork performs very well when sandwiched between wood and polyester resin/glass fibre, being able to hold substantial loads and at the same time reduce weight and the environmental footprint of the composite by 62.8%. It can be concluded that expanded cork is an excellent candidate to replace oil-based foams in surfboard manufacturing. Despite a slight increase in weight, this sustainable material aligns with all the philosophies of surf practice worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: cork; composite; surfboard; sustainable; finite element cork; composite; surfboard; sustainable; finite element
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MDPI and ACS Style

Correia, J.M.D.; Serra, G.F.; Alves de Sousa, R.J.; Pereira, A.B.; Fernandes, F.A.O. Expanded (Black) Cork for the Development of an Eco-Friendly Surfboard: Environmental Impact and Mechanical Properties. Sustainability 2022, 14, 668. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020668

AMA Style

Correia JMD, Serra GF, Alves de Sousa RJ, Pereira AB, Fernandes FAO. Expanded (Black) Cork for the Development of an Eco-Friendly Surfboard: Environmental Impact and Mechanical Properties. Sustainability. 2022; 14(2):668. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020668

Chicago/Turabian Style

Correia, José M.D., Gabriel F. Serra, Ricardo J. Alves de Sousa, António B. Pereira, and Fábio A.O. Fernandes. 2022. "Expanded (Black) Cork for the Development of an Eco-Friendly Surfboard: Environmental Impact and Mechanical Properties" Sustainability 14, no. 2: 668. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020668

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