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Article

Telework in Baltic Countries during the Pandemic: Effects on Wellbeing, Job Satisfaction, and Work-Life Balance

1
Departament of Business Management, Public University of Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
2
Departament of Psychology, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
3
Department of Business Technologies and Enterpreneurship, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hyo Sun Jung
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 5778; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14105778
Received: 7 April 2022 / Revised: 3 May 2022 / Accepted: 7 May 2022 / Published: 10 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marketing of Innovation, Science and Technological Change)
As a result of the rapid and unplanned adoption of telework by European companies during the pandemic, specific telework characteristics have arisen. Thus, employees’ experience of telework requires further analysis. Based on the “Living, Working, and COVID-19” results for Baltic countries, this paper studies the effect of telework experience on wellbeing, both directly and mediated by Work-Life balance and job satisfaction, through structural equation modelling. After verifying the significant differences in telework preferences, the model is also tested in high versus low telework preference groups. The main findings corroborate the effect of a positive telework experience on perceived wellbeing, but only indirectly via Work-Life balance. Additionally, data from the group with a high telework preference best fits the proposed model, revealing not only the mentioned indirect effect, but also the direct positive effect of telework experience on wellbeing. Thus, employees with a negative experience of telework during the pandemic will be more reluctant to accept telework over more traditional work arrangements. The implications as well as some limitations to be examined in further studies are also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: Baltic countries; telework; wellbeing; job satisfaction; work-life balance Baltic countries; telework; wellbeing; job satisfaction; work-life balance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Erro-Garcés, A.; Urien, B.; Čyras, G.; Janušauskienė, V.M. Telework in Baltic Countries during the Pandemic: Effects on Wellbeing, Job Satisfaction, and Work-Life Balance. Sustainability 2022, 14, 5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14105778

AMA Style

Erro-Garcés A, Urien B, Čyras G, Janušauskienė VM. Telework in Baltic Countries during the Pandemic: Effects on Wellbeing, Job Satisfaction, and Work-Life Balance. Sustainability. 2022; 14(10):5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14105778

Chicago/Turabian Style

Erro-Garcés, Amaya, Begoña Urien, Giedrius Čyras, and Vita M. Janušauskienė. 2022. "Telework in Baltic Countries during the Pandemic: Effects on Wellbeing, Job Satisfaction, and Work-Life Balance" Sustainability 14, no. 10: 5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14105778

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