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Communication

The Future of Rurality: Place Attachment among Young Inhabitants of Two Rural Communities of Mediterranean Central Chile

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Centro Regional de Investigación e Innovación para la Sostenibilidad de la Agricultura y los Territorios Rurales_CERES, Quillota 2260000, Chile
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Programa de Doctorado en Geografía, Instituto de Geografía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8320000, Chile
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ECOS (Ecosystem-Complexity-Society) Co-Laboratory, Center for Local Development (CEDEL) & Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Research (CIIR), Villarrica Campus, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Villarrica 4930000, Chile
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School of Agriculture and Environment, Albany Campus, The University of Western Australia, Albany 6330, Australia
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Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas, Laboratorio de Estudios Territoriales LAbT UACh, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
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Escuela de Agronomía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso 2340000, Chile
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Centro de Acción Climática, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Santiago 8320000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John McDonagh
Sustainability 2022, 14(1), 546; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010546
Received: 18 September 2021 / Revised: 12 December 2021 / Accepted: 14 December 2021 / Published: 5 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Rural Futures)
Rural livelihoods are under threat, not only from climate change and soil erosion but also because young people in rural areas are increasingly moving to urbanized areas, seeking employment and education opportunities. In the Valparaiso region of Chile, megadrought, soil degradation, and industrialization are driving young people to leave agricultural and livestock activities. In this study, our main objective was to identify the factors influencing young people living in two rural agricultural communities (Valle Hermoso and La Vega). We conducted 90 online surveys of young people aged 13–24 to evaluate their interest in living in the countryside (ILC). We assessed the effect of community satisfaction, connectedness to nature, and social valuation of rural livelihoods on the ILC. The results show that young people were more likely to stay living in the countryside when they felt satisfied and safe in their community, felt a connection with nature, and were surrounded by people who enjoyed the countryside. These results highlight the relevance of promoting place attachment and the feeling of belonging within the rural community. Chilean rural management and local policies need to focus on rural youth and highlight the opportunities that the countryside provides for them. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural exodus; rural livelihood; rural migration; rural youth; belonging rural exodus; rural livelihood; rural migration; rural youth; belonging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Díaz, P.; Almuna, R.; Marchant, C.; Heinz, S.; Lebuy, R.; Celis-Diez, J.L.; Díaz-Siefer, P. The Future of Rurality: Place Attachment among Young Inhabitants of Two Rural Communities of Mediterranean Central Chile. Sustainability 2022, 14, 546. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010546

AMA Style

Rodríguez-Díaz P, Almuna R, Marchant C, Heinz S, Lebuy R, Celis-Diez JL, Díaz-Siefer P. The Future of Rurality: Place Attachment among Young Inhabitants of Two Rural Communities of Mediterranean Central Chile. Sustainability. 2022; 14(1):546. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010546

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez-Díaz, Paulina, Rocío Almuna, Carla Marchant, Sally Heinz, Roxana Lebuy, Juan L. Celis-Diez, and Pablo Díaz-Siefer. 2022. "The Future of Rurality: Place Attachment among Young Inhabitants of Two Rural Communities of Mediterranean Central Chile" Sustainability 14, no. 1: 546. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010546

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