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Review

Sustainable Applications of Nanofibers in Agriculture and Water Treatment: A Review

1
Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature Conservation, University of Debrecen, 138 Böszörményi Street, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Plant Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Centre, 33 El Buhouth Street, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt
3
Soil and Water Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Farooq Sher
Sustainability 2022, 14(1), 464; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010464
Received: 14 December 2021 / Revised: 30 December 2021 / Accepted: 30 December 2021 / Published: 2 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Sustainable Approaches for the Management of Soil and Water)
Natural fibers are an important source for producing polymers, which are highly applicable in their nanoform and could be used in very broad fields such as filtration for water/wastewater treatment, biomedicine, food packaging, harvesting, and storage of energy due to their high specific surface area. These natural nanofibers could be mainly produced through plants, animals, and minerals, as well as produced from agricultural wastes. For strengthening these natural fibers, they may reinforce with some substances such as nanomaterials. Natural or biofiber-reinforced bio-composites and nano–bio-composites are considered better than conventional composites. The sustainable application of nanofibers in agricultural sectors is a promising approach and may involve plant protection and its growth through encapsulating many bio-active molecules or agrochemicals (i.e., pesticides, phytohormones, and fertilizers) for smart delivery at the targeted sites. The food industry and processing also are very important applicable fields of nanofibers, particularly food packaging, which may include using nanofibers for active–intelligent food packaging, and food freshness indicators. The removal of pollutants from soil, water, and air is an urgent field for nanofibers due to their high efficiency. Many new approaches or applicable agro-fields for nanofibers are expected in the future, such as using nanofibers as the indicators for CO and NH3. The role of nanofibers in the global fighting against COVID-19 may represent a crucial solution, particularly in producing face masks. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural fibers; cellulose; nano-medicine; agro-wastes; pollution; wastewater natural fibers; cellulose; nano-medicine; agro-wastes; pollution; wastewater
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MDPI and ACS Style

Badgar, K.; Abdalla, N.; El-Ramady, H.; Prokisch, J. Sustainable Applications of Nanofibers in Agriculture and Water Treatment: A Review. Sustainability 2022, 14, 464. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010464

AMA Style

Badgar K, Abdalla N, El-Ramady H, Prokisch J. Sustainable Applications of Nanofibers in Agriculture and Water Treatment: A Review. Sustainability. 2022; 14(1):464. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010464

Chicago/Turabian Style

Badgar, Khandsuren, Neama Abdalla, Hassan El-Ramady, and József Prokisch. 2022. "Sustainable Applications of Nanofibers in Agriculture and Water Treatment: A Review" Sustainability 14, no. 1: 464. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010464

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