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Review

Factors Influencing the Intrinsic Seismic Risk of Open Spaces in Existing Built Environments: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering (DICEA), Sapienza Università di Roma, 00184 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Construction, Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICEA), Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohammad Mojtahedi
Sustainability 2022, 14(1), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010042
Received: 19 November 2021 / Revised: 16 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilient Built Environment)
Open spaces (OSs), such as streets, squares, and green areas, in existing built environments (BEs) are key places in disaster risk management. The seismic risk in the OSs is strictly related to BE characteristics. Scientific literature mainly focuses on extrinsic factors affecting risk, which are related to BE elements on the OSs frontier (e.g., buildings) that could cause indirect effects on the OSs. Conversely, just a few risk assessment studies consider intrinsic factors, which are related to OS elements that could suffer direct effects. Moreover, synoptic studies on such factors are still missing. Through literature-based research, the paper identifies specific factors influencing seismic risk in the OSs, focusing notably on intrinsic vulnerability. The literature review methodology includes both a systematic review from Scopus databases and a traditional bibliographic search using snowball analysis. According to the final selected papers, risk factors are classified into five categories of OS characteristics: morpho-typology; physical; construction; use and users; and context. Statistical analysis of the categories’ recurrence in the final papers firstly allows current literature gaps to be defined. The results also provide a preliminary OSs risk index weighting each category in terms of such recurrences, thus representing a first useful step to support non-expert stakeholders in a preliminary assessment of priorities to define the seismic risk of Oss. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquake; seismic risk assessment; risk factors; built environment; open space earthquake; seismic risk assessment; risk factors; built environment; open space
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MDPI and ACS Style

Russo, M.; Angelosanti, M.; Bernardini, G.; Severi, L.; Quagliarini, E.; Currà, E. Factors Influencing the Intrinsic Seismic Risk of Open Spaces in Existing Built Environments: A Systematic Review. Sustainability 2022, 14, 42. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010042

AMA Style

Russo M, Angelosanti M, Bernardini G, Severi L, Quagliarini E, Currà E. Factors Influencing the Intrinsic Seismic Risk of Open Spaces in Existing Built Environments: A Systematic Review. Sustainability. 2022; 14(1):42. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Russo, Martina, Marco Angelosanti, Gabriele Bernardini, Laura Severi, Enrico Quagliarini, and Edoardo Currà. 2022. "Factors Influencing the Intrinsic Seismic Risk of Open Spaces in Existing Built Environments: A Systematic Review" Sustainability 14, no. 1: 42. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010042

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