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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of an Innovative Compact Hybrid Electrical-Thermal Storage System for Residential Buildings in Mediterranean Climate

1
GREiA Research Group, Universitat de Lleida, Pere de Cabrera s/n, 25001 Lleida, Spain
2
Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies (CNR ITAE), National Council or Research Italy, Salita S. Lucia Sopra Contesse 5, 98126 Messina, Italy
3
Institute for Renewable Energy, Eurac Research, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tomonobu Senjyu
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 5322; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095322
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 3 May 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 10 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy Storage in Building Applications)
The buildings sector is one of the least sustainable activities in the world, accounting for around 40% of the total global energy demand. With the aim to reduce the environmental impact of this sector, the use of renewable energy sources coupled with energy storage systems in buildings has been investigated in recent years. Innovative solutions for cooling, heating, and domestic hot water in buildings can contribute to the buildings’ decarbonization by achieving a reduction of building electrical consumption needed to keep comfortable conditions. However, the environmental impact of a new system is not only related to its electrical consumption from the grid, but also to the environmental load produced in the manufacturing and disposal stages of system components. This study investigates the environmental impact of an innovative system proposed for residential buildings in Mediterranean climate through a life cycle assessment. The results show that, due to the complexity of the system, the manufacturing and disposal stages have a high environmental impact, which is not compensated by the reduction of the impact during the operational stage. A parametric study was also performed to investigate the effect of the design of the storage system on the overall system impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy storage; heating and cooling system; life cycle assessment (LCA); ReCiPe indicator; global warming potential (GWP) indicator; environmental impact energy storage; heating and cooling system; life cycle assessment (LCA); ReCiPe indicator; global warming potential (GWP) indicator; environmental impact
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zsembinszki, G.; Llantoy, N.; Palomba, V.; Frazzica, A.; Dallapiccola, M.; Trentin, F.; Cabeza, L.F. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of an Innovative Compact Hybrid Electrical-Thermal Storage System for Residential Buildings in Mediterranean Climate. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5322. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095322

AMA Style

Zsembinszki G, Llantoy N, Palomba V, Frazzica A, Dallapiccola M, Trentin F, Cabeza LF. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of an Innovative Compact Hybrid Electrical-Thermal Storage System for Residential Buildings in Mediterranean Climate. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):5322. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095322

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zsembinszki, Gabriel; Llantoy, Noelia; Palomba, Valeria; Frazzica, Andrea; Dallapiccola, Mattia; Trentin, Federico; Cabeza, Luisa F. 2021. "Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of an Innovative Compact Hybrid Electrical-Thermal Storage System for Residential Buildings in Mediterranean Climate" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 5322. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095322

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