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Article

Extraction of Essential Oil from River Tea Tree (Melaleuca bracteata F. Muell.): Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties

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Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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College of Agriculture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
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Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
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Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 16 500 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Plant Physiology, Slovak University of Agriculture, 949 01 Nitra, Slovakia
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Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kafrelsheikh, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: António Raposo and Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4827; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094827
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 17 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 25 April 2021
Tea tree oil (TTO) from the genus Melaleuca L. has antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant properties and is used by the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and horticultural industries. In Pakistan, Melaleuca bracteata can be exploited for essential oil purposes, as this species is well adapted to Pakistan’s agroclimatic conditions. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the yield of M. bracteata essential oil together with its antioxidant and antimicrobial properties under local prevailing conditions of the subtropics. Essential oil was extracted through the hydrodistillation method. Using this method, six batches of 8 kg samples (fresh leaves and branches) underwent a distillation process for 4–5 h. The average yield obtained was about 0.2%. The GCMS was used to identify the components of extracted essential oil. Eugenol methyl ether is the major component in extracted essential oil, i.e., 96% of the total. A high content of flavonoids and phenolics and a Fe-reducing power ability of M. bracteata were observed. The oil was also found effective against B. subtilis, B. cereus, White rot, and A. flavus. Hence, it is concluded that there is a possibility to use TTO for its biocidal properties, and it must also be inspected and then commercialized in Pakistan by the agriculture and cosmetic industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Melaleuca bracteata; essential oil; hydrodistillation; eugenol methyl ether; antioxidant; antimicrobial Melaleuca bracteata; essential oil; hydrodistillation; eugenol methyl ether; antioxidant; antimicrobial
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yasin, M.; Younis, A.; Ramzan, F.; Javed, T.; Shabbir, R.; Noushahi, H.A.; Skalicky, M.; Ondrisik, P.; Brestic, M.; Hassan, S.; EL Sabagh, A. Extraction of Essential Oil from River Tea Tree (Melaleuca bracteata F. Muell.): Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094827

AMA Style

Yasin M, Younis A, Ramzan F, Javed T, Shabbir R, Noushahi HA, Skalicky M, Ondrisik P, Brestic M, Hassan S, EL Sabagh A. Extraction of Essential Oil from River Tea Tree (Melaleuca bracteata F. Muell.): Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094827

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yasin, Mursleen, Adnan Younis, Fahad Ramzan, Talha Javed, Rubab Shabbir, Hamza A. Noushahi, Milan Skalicky, Peter Ondrisik, Marian Brestic, Sabry Hassan, and Ayman EL Sabagh. 2021. "Extraction of Essential Oil from River Tea Tree (Melaleuca bracteata F. Muell.): Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094827

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