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Article

Catalyzing Innovation: Governance Enablers of Nature-Based Solutions

1
Risk and Resilience Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
2
Environmental Governance and Territorial Development Hub/Institute (GEDT), University of Geneva, CH-1205 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gerd Lupp and Aude Zingraff-Hamed
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 1971; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041971
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 7 February 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions—Concept, Evaluation, and Governance)
There is growing recognition that using the properties of nature through nature-based solutions (NBS) can help to provide viable and cost-effective solutions to a wide range of societal challenges, including disaster risk reduction (DRR). However, NBS realization depends critically on the governance framework that enables the NBS policy process. Drawing from three case studies in Nocera Inferiore (Italy), Munich (Germany), and Wolong (China), we identify key governance enablers—the contextual preconditions, policy processes, and institutions—that proved essential for NBS initiation, planning, design, and implementation. In the three cases, interviews confirm the success of the NBS measures and their benefits in terms not only of DRR but of multiple ecological and social–economic co-benefits. Results highlight critical governance enablers of NBS, including: polycentric governance (novel arrangements in the public administration that involved multiple institutional scales and/or sectors); co-design (innovative stakeholder participatory processes that influenced the final NBS); pro-NBS interest and coalition groups (organized pressure groups that advocated for an NBS); and financial incentives (financing community-based implementation and monitoring of NBS). Findings show that the transition to NBS can contribute to multiple global agendas, including DRR, climate change adaptation, and sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; NBS; governance; disaster risk reduction; DRR; enabler; landslide; flood nature-based solutions; NBS; governance; disaster risk reduction; DRR; enabler; landslide; flood
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martin, J.G.C.; Scolobig, A.; Linnerooth-Bayer, J.; Liu, W.; Balsiger, J. Catalyzing Innovation: Governance Enablers of Nature-Based Solutions. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1971. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041971

AMA Style

Martin JGC, Scolobig A, Linnerooth-Bayer J, Liu W, Balsiger J. Catalyzing Innovation: Governance Enablers of Nature-Based Solutions. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):1971. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041971

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martin, Juliette G.C., Anna Scolobig, JoAnne Linnerooth-Bayer, Wei Liu, and Jörg Balsiger. 2021. "Catalyzing Innovation: Governance Enablers of Nature-Based Solutions" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 1971. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041971

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